Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Felidae > Genus: Panthera > Species: Panthera pardus > See subspecies

Panthera pardus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not evaluated (IUCN)
Protected by 4 international agreements


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.




Not evaluated


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

The species has no common names
Synonym Author
Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758
Panthera vulgaris Oken, 1816
Felis panthera Schreber, 1777
Felis pardus barbarus Blainville, 1839
Felis fusca Meyer, 1794
Felis longicaudata Valenciennes, 1856
Panthera antiquorum Fitzinger, 1868
Felis pardus melas Cuvier, 1809
Felis nimr Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1833
Felis tulliana Valenciennes, 1856
Felis orientalis Schlegel, 1857
Felis villosa Bonhote, 1903
Pantera pardus bedfordi Pocock, 1930
Pantera pardus ciscaucasica (Satunin, 1914)
Felis fontanierii Milne-Edwards, 1867
Felis pardus grayi Trouessart, 1904
Panthera hanensis Matschie, 1907
Leopardus japonensis Gray, 1862
Panthera pardus jarvisi Pocock, 1932
Panthera pardus xaxicolor Pocock, 1927

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100