Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Ursidae > Genus: Ursus > Species: Ursus maritimus

Polar bear - Ursus maritimus Phipps, 1774

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by 4 international agreements


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Ursidae)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Äisbier Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ariu i bardhe Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Baltasis lokys Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Beli medved Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Eisbär German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hvítabjörn Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ijsbeer Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Isbjörn Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Isbjørn Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Isbjørn Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jääkarhu Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jääkaru Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jegesmedve Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Orso polare Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Oso polar Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ours polaire French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polar bear English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarni medvjed Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Urs-polar Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Urso-polar Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Thalarctos maritimus (Phipps, 1774)
Ursus marinus Pallas, 1776
Ursus polaris Shaw, 1792
Thalassarctos spitzbergensis Knotterus-Meyer, 1908
Thalassarctos jenaensis Knotterus-Meyer, 1908

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100