Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Acipenseriformes > Family: Acipenseridae > Genus: Huso > Species: Huso huso

Beluga - Huso huso (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Critically Endangered (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Black Sea - Bad
Continental - Bad
Marine Black Sea - Bad
Steppic - Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 6 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 2489


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) (All species of Acipenseridae not mentioned in Annex IV)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) In the Mediterranean
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Akipíssios Greek Fishbase
Beluga English Fishbase
Beluga Finnish Fishbase
Beluga French Fishbase
Beluga Russian Fishbase
Beluga Slovenian Fishbase
Beluga Spanish Fishbase
Belugastör Swedish Fishbase
Belugastør Norwegian Fishbase
Bieluga z. wyz Polish Fishbase
Bli turishkurte Albanian Fishbase
Bli turishkurter Albanian Fishbase
Esturión Spanish Fishbase
Esturión beluga Spanish Fishbase
Esturjâo do Cáspio Portuguese Fishbase
Esturjão-beluga Portuguese Fishbase
Europäischer Hausen German Fishbase
European Sturgeon English Fishbase
Giant Sturgeon English Fishbase
Grand esturgeon French Fishbase
Great Sturgeon English Fishbase
Hausen German Fishbase
Hausenblase German Fishbase
Hus Swedish Fishbase
Husblosstör Swedish Fishbase
Husso German Fishbase
Kitasampi Finnish Fishbase
Mersin morinasi Turkish Fishbase
Mersinmorinasi Turkish Fishbase
Mersinmorinasi baligi Turkish Fishbase
Mjaldur Icelandic Fishbase
Mocuna Greek Fishbase
Morun Romanian Fishbase
Moruna Bulgarian Fishbase
Moruna Serbian Fishbase
Russian sturgeon English Fishbase
Rysk kaviar Swedish Fishbase
Selvike uimarakosta Finnish Fishbase
Storione ladando Italian Fishbase
Sundmaga hlaup Icelandic Fishbase
Visgelatine Dutch Fishbase
Viza Hungarian Fishbase
Wiz Polish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Acipenser huso Linnaeus, 1758
Huso ichthyocolla Bonaparte, 1846
Acipenser vallisneri Molin, 1853
Huso huso maeoticus Salnikov & Malyatskii, 1934
Huso huso ponticus Salnikov & Malyatskii, 1934
Huso huso caspicus Babushkin, 1942
Acipenser beluga Forster, 1767
Acipenser albula Forster, 1767
Acipenser shyp Forster, 1767
Huso vallisnerii Molin, 1853
Acipenser schypa Gmelin, 1788
Huso huso orientalis Lelek, 1987
Acipenser schypa Bonnaterre, 1788

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Huso huso European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100