Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Falconiformes > Family: Accipitridae > Genus: Aquila > Species: Aquila adalberti

Spanish Imperial Eagle - Aquila adalberti Brehm, 1861

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 7 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 103 are designated for this species
Natura 2000 species code A405


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000010 Spain Sierra de Guadarrama - ZEPA Map
ES0000011 Spain Monte de El Pardo Map
ES0000012 Spain Soto de Viñuelas Map
ES0000014 Spain Monfragüe y las Dehesas del Entorno Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000030 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real Map
ES0000031 Spain Sierra de Grazalema Map
ES0000049 Spain Los Alcornocales Map
ES0000050 Spain Sierra de Hornachuelos Map
ES0000052 Spain Sierra Pelada y Rivera del Aserrador Map
ES0000053 Spain Sierra Norte de Sevilla Map
ES0000056 Spain Encinares del río Alberche y río Cofio Map
ES0000057 Spain Alto Lozoya Map
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000070 Spain Sierra de San Pedro Map
ES0000071 Spain Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes Map
ES0000072 Spain Sierra Grande de Hornachos Map
ES0000088 Spain Sierra de Los Canalizos Map
ES0000089 Spain Valle del Tiétar y embalses de Rosarito y Navalcán Map
ES0000090 Spain Sierra Morena Map
ES0000093 Spain ZEPA Montes de Toledo Map
ES0000116 Spain Valle de Iruelas Map
ES0000139 Spain Estepas cerealistas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Map
ES0000180 Spain Estepas de Monegrillo y Pina Map
ES0000183 Spain El Basal, Las Menorcas y Llanos de Cardiel Map
ES0000184 Spain Valle del Tiétar - ZEPA Map
ES0000185 Spain Cerro de Guisando - ZEPA Map
ES0000186 Spain Pinares del Bajo Alberche - ZEPA Map
ES0000188 Spain Valles del Voltoya y el Zorita - ZEPA Map
ES0000189 Spain Campo Azálvaro - Pinares de Peguerinos - ZEPA Map
ES0000190 Spain Encinares de los ríos Adaja y Voltoya - ZEPA Map
ES0000204 Spain Tierra de Campiñas Map
ES0000329 Spain Embalse de Valdecañas Map
ES0000337 Spain Estrecho Map
ES0000356 Spain Riberos del Almonte Map
ES0000361 Spain Dehesa de los Ríos Gamo y Margañán Map
ES0000367 Spain La Serena y Sierras Periféricas Map
ES0000368 Spain Río Tajo Internacional y Riberos Map
ES0000371 Spain Sierra de Moraleja y Piedra Santa Map
ES0000396 Spain Embalse de Horno-Tejero Map
ES0000407 Spain Nacimiento del Río Gevora Map
ES0000425 Spain Magasca Map
ES0000434 Spain Canchos de Ramiro y Ladronera Map
ES4110086 Spain Encinares de la Sierra de Ávila - ZEPA Map
ES4160048 Spain Lagunas de Cantalejo - ZEPA Map
ES4310009 Spain Puerto Peña - los Golondrinos Map
ES4310042 Spain Sierra de Siruela Map
ES4320039 Spain Sierra de las Villuercas y Valle del Guadarranque Map
ES6120006 Spain Marismas del Río Palmones Map
ES6120014 Spain Laguna de Las Canteras y El Tejón Map
ES6130001 Spain Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES6150007 Spain Peñas de Aroche Map
ES6160003 Spain Cascada de Cimbarra Map
ES6160005 Spain Despeñaperros Map
ES6160006 Spain Sierra de Andújar Map
PTZPE0042 Portugal Tejo Internacional, Erges e Pônsul Map
PTZPE0045 Portugal Mourão/Moura/Barrancos Map
PTZPE0046 Portugal Castro Verde Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
ES4310028 Spain Río Matachel Map
ES6120015 Spain Acebuchales de La Campiña Sur de Cádiz Map
ES6130004 Spain Río Guadalmez Map
ES6130005 Spain Suroeste de La Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro Map
ES4220003 Spain Ríos de la cuenca media del Guadiana y laderas vertientes Map
ES4310010 Spain La Serena Map
ES4250001 Spain Sierra de San Vicente y valles del Tiétar y Alberche Map
ES3110005 Spain Cuenca del río Guadarrama Map
ES6120013 Spain Sierra Líjar Map
ES4320077 Spain Monfragüe Map
ES6150022 Spain Rivera de Chanza Map
ES4310040 Spain Sierra de Moraleja Map
ES3110004 Spain Cuenca del río Manzanares Map
ES3110001 Spain Cuencas de los ríos Jarama y Henares Map
ES6170010 Spain Sierras Bermeja y Real Map
ES3110007 Spain Cuencas de los ríos Alberche y Cofio Map
ES6150023 Spain Dehesa de Torrecuadros y Arroyo de Pilas Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6150012 Spain Dehesa del Estero y Montes de Moguer Map
ES4220013 Spain Sierra de Los Canalizos Map
ES4320002 Spain Cedillo y Río Tajo Internacional Map
ES3110003 Spain Cuenca del río Guadalix Map
ES6180009 Spain Río Viar Map
ES6130007 Spain Guadiato-Bembézar Map
ES6130015 Spain Río Guadalquivir -Tramo Medio Map
ES4310045 Spain Valdecigüeñas Map
ES0000391 Spain Pinar de Almorox Map
ES6180016 Spain Venta de Las Navas Map
ES6160008 Spain Cuencas del Rumblar, Guadalén y Guadalmena Map
ES6130009 Spain Ríos Cuzna y Gato Map
ES6150009 Spain Doñana Norte y Oeste Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ES6130016 Spain Río Guadalbarbo Map
ES6130006 Spain Guadalmellato Map
ES4250005 Spain Montes de Toledo Map
ES6180004 Spain Sierra de Alanís Map
ES6130017 Spain Alto Guadiato Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES4320001 Spain Canchos de Ramiro Map
PTZPE0054 Portugal São Vicente Map
PTZPE0051 Portugal Monforte Map
PTZPE0052 Portugal Veiros Map
PTZPE0053 Portugal Vila Fernando Map
PTZPE0055 Portugal Évora Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Falconiformes)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention)
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Águia-imperial Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Águia-imperial ibérica Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Aguila Imperial Ibérica Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Aigle ibérique French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Aquila imperiale iberica Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Aquila imperiale occidentale Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ibériai sas Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Iberiankeisarikotka Finnish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Iberische keizerarend Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Iberisk kejserørn Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Kejsarörn (spansk underart) Swedish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pyreneidenkeisarikotka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spaanse Keizerarend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spanischer Kaiseradler German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spanish Imperial Eagle English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Spansk kejsarörn Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Aquila heliaca adalberti Brehm, 1861

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100