Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Scolopacidae > Genus: Calidris > Species: Calidris canutus

Knot - Calidris canutus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 253 are designated for this species
Wintering habitats
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code A143


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1115301 Germany NSG Rantumbecken Map
DE2016301 Germany Hamburgisches Wattenmeer Map
DE2016401 Germany Hamburgisches Wattenmeer Map
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3339402 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE4139401 Germany Mittlere Elbe einschließlich Steckby-Lödderitzer Forst Map
DE4531401 Germany Helmestausee Berga-Kelbra (Anteil Sachsen-Anhalt) Map
DE5511301 Germany NSG Urmitzer Werth Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5707401 Germany Jungferweiher Map
DE6316401 Germany Lampertheimer Altrhein Map
DK009X060 Denmark Vidåen, Tøndermarsken og Saltvandssøen Map
DK00AX052 Denmark Mandø Map
DK00AX053 Denmark Fanø Map
DK00AY057 Denmark Vadehavet Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
ES0000004 Spain Lagunas de Villafáfila Map
ES0000017 Spain Cuenca de Gallocanta Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000033 Spain Laguna de Fuente de Piedra Map
ES0000039 Spain Jandía Map
ES0000046 Spain Cabo de Gata-Níjar Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000086 Spain Ría de Ortigueira e Ladrido Map
ES0000112 Spain Juncalillo del Sur Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000191 Spain Embalse del Ebro Map
ES0000216 Spain La Nava-Campos Sur Map
ES0000258 Spain Costa de Ferrolterra - Valdoviño Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES0000272 Spain Brazo del Este Map
ES0000275 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Lebrija-Las Cabezas Map
ES0000318 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
ES0000359 Spain Campos de Alba Map
ES0000398 Spain Llanos y Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
ES1110001 Spain Ortigueira - Mera Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES1110008 Spain Carnota - Monte Pindo Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES2120004 Spain Urolako itsasadarra / Ría del Urola Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES6150003 Spain Estero de Domingo Rubio Map
ES6150005 Spain Marismas de Isla Cristina Map
ES6150006 Spain Marismas del Río Piedras y Flecha del Rompido Map
ES6160002 Spain Alto Guadalquivir Map
ES6170015 Spain Lagunas de Campillos Map
ES6180002 Spain Complejo Endorreico de La Lantejuela Map
ES7010035 Spain Playa de Sotavento de Jandía Map
ES7020049 Spain Montaña Roja Map
FI0100005 Finland Tammisaaren ja Hangon saariston ja Pohjanpitäjänlahden merensuojelualue Map
FI0100006 Finland Tulliniemen linnustonsuojelualue Map
FI0100062 Finland Vanhankaupunginlahden lintuvesi Map
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200079 Finland Kokemäenjoen suisto Map
FI0200089 Finland Mietoistenlahti Map
FI0200151 Finland Preiviikinlahti (SPA) Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0800054 Finland Petolahdenjokisuisto Map
FI0800064 Finland Lapuanjokisuisto-Bådaviken Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI1000010 Finland Maakannuskarinlahti ja Viirretjoen suisto Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1105201 Finland Säärenperä ja Karinkannanmatala Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2210068 France Estuaires picards : Baie de Somme et d'Authie Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2510046 France Basses Vallées du Cotentin et Baie des Veys Map
FR2510048 France Baie du Mont Saint Michel Map
FR2612002 France Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize Map
FR5310050 France Baie de Saint-Brieuc - Est Map
FR5310070 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5310086 France Golfe du Morbihan Map
FR5310093 France Baie de Quiberon Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR5410028 France Marais de Brouage, Ile d'Oléron Map
FR5410100 France Marais poitevin Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR5412025 France Estuaire et basse vallée de la Charente Map
FR7210063 France Domaine d'Orx Map
FR7210065 France Marais du Nord Médoc Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9110108 France Basse plaine de l'Aude Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
FR9312005 France Salines de l'Étang de Berre Map
FR9410101 France Étang de Biguglia Map
IE0000077 Ireland Ballymacoda (Clonpriest and Pillmore) SAC Map
IE0000091 Ireland Clonakilty Bay SAC Map
IE0000199 Ireland Baldoyle Bay SAC Map
IE0000205 Ireland Malahide Estuary SAC Map
IE0000206 Ireland North Dublin Bay SAC Map
IE0000208 Ireland Rogerstown Estuary SAC Map
IE0000210 Ireland South Dublin Bay SAC Map
IE0000343 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SAC Map
IE0000455 Ireland Dundalk Bay SAC Map
IE0000458 Ireland Killala Bay/Moy Estuary SAC Map
IE0000470 Ireland Mullet/Blacksod Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000472 Ireland Broadhaven Bay SAC Map
IE0000671 Ireland Tramore Dunes and Backstrand SAC Map
IE0000697 Ireland Bannow Bay SAC Map
IE0000710 Ireland Raven Point Nature Reserve SAC Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0001957 Ireland Boyne Coast and Estuary SAC Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002170 Ireland Blackwater River (Cork/Waterford) SAC Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly SAC Map
IE0004006 Ireland North Bull Island SPA Map
IE0004013 Ireland Drumcliff Bay SPA Map
IE0004015 Ireland Rogerstown Estuary SPA Map
IE0004016 Ireland Baldoyle Bay SPA Map
IE0004019 Ireland The Raven SPA Map
IE0004023 Ireland Ballymacoda Bay SPA Map
IE0004024 Ireland Sandymount Strand/Tolka Estuary SPA Map
IE0004025 Ireland Broadmeadow/Swords Estuary SPA Map
IE0004026 Ireland Dundalk Bay SPA Map
IE0004027 Ireland Tramore Back Strand SPA Map
IE0004028 Ireland Blackwater Estuary SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004030 Ireland Cork Harbour SPA Map
IE0004032 Ireland Dungarvan Harbour SPA Map
IE0004033 Ireland Bannow Bay SPA Map
IE0004035 Ireland Cummeen Strand SPA Map
IE0004036 Ireland Killala Bay/Moy Estuary SPA Map
IE0004037 Ireland Blacksod Bay/Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004075 Ireland Lough Swilly SPA Map
IE0004076 Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs SPA Map
IE0004077 Ireland River Shannon and River Fergus Estuaries SPA Map
IE0004080 Ireland Boyne Estuary SPA Map
IE0004087 Ireland Lough Foyle SPA Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT8010018 Italy Variconi Map
IT9140003 Italy Stagni e Saline di Punta della Contessa Map
IT9150014 Italy Le Cesine Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010007 Italy Saline di Trapani Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090006 Italy Saline di Siracusa e Fiume Ciane Map
ITA090013 Italy Saline di Priolo Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inhawi tal-Ghadira Map
NL3009015 Netherlands Markiezaat Map
NL3009016 Netherlands Oosterschelde Map
NL9801001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL9802001 Netherlands Noordzeekustzone Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PTPIC0011 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0004 Portugal Ria de Aveiro Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
PTZPE0018 Portugal Sapais de Castro Marim Map
PTZPE0024 Portugal Lajes do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
SE0410041 Sweden Torhamn-Hästholmen Map
SE0710152 Sweden Stornäset Map
UK9004031 United Kingdom Montrose Basin Map
UK9004411 United Kingdom Firth of Forth Map
UK9005012 United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Map
UK9005031 United Kingdom Duddon Estuary Map
UK9005081 United Kingdom Morecambe Bay Map
UK9005103 United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries Map
UK9006061 United Kingdom Teesmouth and Cleveland Coast Map
UK9006111 United Kingdom Humber Estuary Map
UK9008021 United Kingdom The Wash Map
UK9009031 United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast Map
UK9009121 United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries Map
UK9009171 United Kingdom Benfleet and Southend Marshes Map
UK9009242 United Kingdom Dengie (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 1) Map
UK9009246 United Kingdom Foulness (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 5) Map
UK9012021 United Kingdom Thames Estuary and Marshes Map
UK9012031 United Kingdom Medway Estuary and Marshes Map
UK9013011 United Kingdom The Dee Estuary Map
UK9015011 United Kingdom Burry Inlet Map
UK9020111 United Kingdom Strangford Lough Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
IT1324909 Italy Torrente Arroscia e Centa Map
FR5312003 France Baie de Goulven Map
DE3453422 Germany Mittlere Oderniederung Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
IT9110015 Italy Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore Map
IT8020001 Italy Alta Valle del Fiume Tammaro Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
FR9312015 France Étangs entre Istres et Fos Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
PLH280007 Poland Zalew Wiślany i Mierzeja Wiślana Map
IT8010020 Italy Pineta di Castelvolturno Map
PTCON0011 Portugal Estuário do Sado Map
FR5212002 France Vallée de la Loire de Nantes aux Ponts-de-Cé et ses annexes Map
IT9150025 Italy Torre Veneri Map
FR3112002 France Les "Cinq Tailles" Map
IT8010028 Italy Foce Volturno - Variconi Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
ES2430041 Spain Complejo Lagunar de La Salada de Chiprana Map
FR8312005 France Planèze de Saint Flour Map
DE3242421 Germany Rhin-Havelluch Map
IT8010029 Italy Fiume Garigliano Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
BG0000242 Bulgaria Zaliv Chengene skele Map
IT8030009 Italy Foce di Licola Map
FR5212003 France Vallée de la Loire des Ponts-de-Cé à Montsoreau Map
FR5212007 France Marais du Mès, baie et dunes de Pont-Mahé, étang du Pont de Fer Map
IT9150032 Italy Le Cesine Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
DE4151421 Germany Spreewald und Lieberoser Endmoräne Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
ES2430043 Spain Laguna de Gallocanta Map
FR5312005 France Rivières de Pont-l'Abbé et de l'Odet Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa / Castro Marim Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
FR8212024 France Plaine du Forez Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării și Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
DE2514431 Germany Marschen am Jadebusen Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES1200006 Spain Ría de Villaviciosa Map
ES4310003 Spain Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
IT8020015 Italy Invaso del Fiume Tammaro Map
IE0004081 Ireland Clonakilty Bay SPA Map
IE0004158 Ireland River Nanny Estuary and Shore SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
ES1200055 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
NL9802026 Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe Map
UK9020326 United Kingdom Morecambe Bay and Duddon Estuary Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Scolopacidae)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bécasseau maubèche French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Biegus rdzawy Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Correlimos Gordo Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Isosirri Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jespák rezavý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kanoetstrandloper Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Knot English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Knutt German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kustsnäppa Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piovanello maggiore Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sarki partfutó Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Seixoeira Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:04960 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100