Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Osmeriformes > Family: Osmeridae > Genus: Osmerus > Species: Osmerus eperlanus

European smelt - Osmerus eperlanus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
An smealt Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
An smealt gainimh Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Binnenstint German Fishbase
Cualarach Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Éperlan French Fishbase
Eperlan Romanian Fishbase
Eperlano Italian Fishbase
Eperlano Portuguese Fishbase
Eperlano Spanish Fishbase
Eperlano-europeu Portuguese Fishbase
Eperlános Spanish Fishbase
Eperlon Spanish Fishbase
European smelt English Fishbase
Gavun Serbian Fishbase
Heilstindt German Fishbase
Korjushka Russian Fishbase
Koryushka Russian Fishbase
Koryushka obyknovennaya Russian Fishbase
Krøkle Norwegian Fishbase
Kuore Finnish Fishbase
Morskaya koryushka Russian Fishbase
Nors Swedish Fishbase
Sand smelt English Fishbase
Sea smelt English Fishbase
Silfurloona Icelandic Fishbase
Smelt Danish Fishbase
Smelt English Fishbase
Sparling English Fishbase
Sperlano Italian Fishbase
Spiering Dutch Fishbase
Stindt German Fishbase
Stint Danish Fishbase
Stint German Fishbase
Stinte Danish Fishbase
Stynka Polish Fishbase
Zelenis Serbian Fishbase
Synonym Author
Osmerus eperlanus spirinchus (Pallas, 1814)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Osmerus eperlanus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100