EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > G - Woodland, forest and other wooded land > G1 - Broadleaved deciduous woodland > G1.A - Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland

Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland

English name: Meso- and eutrophic oak, hornbeam, ash, sycamore, lime, elm and related woodland

Description (English)

Woods, typically with mixed canopy composition, on rich and moderately rich soils. Includes woods dominated by Acer, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Quercus (especially Quercus petraea and Quercus robur), Tilia and Ulmus. Excludes acid Quercus woodland (G1.8) and woodland with a large representation of southern species such as Fraxinus ornus or Quercus pubescens (G1.7).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.A
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Aconito septentrionalis-Tilion cordatae Solomeshch et al. 1993 nom. inval. Subthermophilous broad-leaved forests of forest-steppe zone of South Urals Schaminee et al, 2012
Castaneo-Carpinion betuli Quézel et al. 1992 Thermophilous extrazonal hornbeam forests of central and easten regions of Balkan Peninsula Castaneo-Carpinion betuli Quézel et al. 1980 Schaminee et al, 2012
Pulmonario longifoliae-Quercion roboris Rivas-Mart. et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Oceanic orocantabrian-pyreneean oak forests on gleyic soils of northern Iberian Peninsula Pulmonario longifoliae-Quercion roboris Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Dryopterido affinis-Fraxinion excelsioris (Vanden Berghen 1969) Boeuf et al. 2011; Polysticho setiferi-Fraxinion excelsioris Ge´hu 2007; Polysticho setiferi-Fraxinion excelsioris Rameau ex Royer et al. 2006; Polysticho setiferi-Quercion roboris Ge´hu 2007; Polysticho-Corylion (Vanden Berghen 1969) Ge´hu et Ge´hu-Franck 1988; Polysticho-Fraxinion (O. de Bolo`s 1973) Rameau 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012
Lathyro-Quercion roboris Solomeshch et al. 1989 nom. inval. Thermophilous oak forests of forest zone of South Urals Pruno-Quercion roboris Schubert et al. 1979 Schaminee et al, 2012
Refugial submediterranean laurel-lime ravine forests of Apenninian Peninsula Lauro nobilis-Tilion platyphylli Biondi et al. 2008 Schaminee et al, 2012
Physospermo verticillati-Quercion cerridis Biondi et al. ex Biondi, Casavecchia et Biscotti 2013 Refugial thermophilous submediterranean-submontane maple-oak-hornbeam forests of southern Italy Physospermo verticillati-Quercion cerridis Biondi et al. 2008 Schaminee et al, 2012
Carpinion betuli Issler 1931 Oak-hornbeam forests of Western and Central Europe, northern Balkans and western part of Eastern Europe Aceri campestris-Carpinion betuli Gillet 1986; Aceri campestris-Carpinion betuli Gillet ex Julve 1993; Bromo-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Carpinion betuli (Tx. 1936) Oberd. 1953; Carpinion-(Fagion) Mayer 1937 (orig. form); Dactylido-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Eu-Carpinion Scamoni et Passarge 1959; Fraxino-Carpinion Tx. 1937; Lathyro hallersteinii-Carpinion Boscaiu 1974; Melampyro-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Querco-Carpinion betuli Rameau 1996; Querco-Fagion Rameau 1997; Stachyo-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Stellario-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Carpinion dacicum Soó 1964; Lonicero periclymeni-Carpinion (S. Müller 1978) Julve 1988; Mercuriali-Carpinion S. Müller ex Julve 1988; Bromo-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Dactylido-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Galio-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983; Luzulion luzuloidis Julve 1993; Melampyro-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Polytricho-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Polytricho-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Pulmonario-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983; Stachyo-Carpinion betuli Passarge 1968; Stellario-Carpinion betuli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Tilio cordatae-Carpinion (Oberd. 1957) Kissling 1983 Schaminee et al, 2012
Crataego-Carpinion caucasicae Passarge 1981 Low-altitude oak-hornbeam forests of central Caucasus. Schaminee et al, 2012
Querco roboris-Tilion cordatae Solomeshch et Laivinš ex Bulokhov et Solomeshch 2003 Subboreal broad-leaved and mixed forests northwestern Russia and Baltic countries Querco roboris-Tilion cordatae Solomeshch et Laivinš 1993 Schaminee et al, 2012
Corno-Quercion petraeae Korzhenevsky 1982 Submontane and montane mesic deciduous oak forests of Crimea Lathyro laxiflorae-Quercion petraeae Didukh 1996 Schaminee et al, 2012
Mesophilous broad-leaved ravine forests in meso- and supra-mediterranean belts of southern Apenninian Peninsula Ostryo carpinifoliae-Tilion platyphylli (Košir et al. 2008) Košir et Carni in Mucina et al. 2013 Schaminee et al, 2012
Scillo sibericae-Quercion roboris Onyshchenko 2009 Mesic deciduous mixed forests of eastern regions of forest-steppe and steppe zones of Ukraine Schaminee et al, 2012
Lathyro veneti-Taxion baccatae Carni et Mucina 2013 Relict mixed acidophilous scree forests of Corsica Lathyrion veneti Gamisans 1975; Lathyrion veneti Gamisans 1977; Lathyro veneti-Carpinion betuli (Ubaldi et. al.) Arrigoni et Foggi 1992 Schaminee et al, 2012
Paeonio dauricae-Quercion petraeae Didukh 1996 Crimean mesophilous subthermophilous oak forests Schaminee et al, 2012
Erythronio-Carpinion (Horvat 1958) Marincek in Wallnöfer et al. 1993 Thermophilous Illyrian and northern Italian oak-hornbeam woods Carpinion illyrico-moesiacum Horvat 1958; Carpinion illyrico-podolicum Horvat 1956; Carpinion illyricum Horvat 1958; Primulo-Fagion Borhidi 1963; Quercion petraeae Lakušic et al. 1979; Carpinion podolico-illyricum Horvat 1956 nom. invers. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Tilio platyphylli-Acerion Klika 1955 Colline to submontane maple-lime forests on steep slopes of temperate Western and Central Europe Aceri platanoidis-Tilion platyphylli Gillet 1986; Aceri-Ulmion Scamoni et Passarge 1959; Actaeo spicatae-Mercurialion perennis Gillet 1986; Adoxo-Acerion pseudoplatani Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Lunario-Acerion pseudoplatani Moor 1973; Tilion Doing Kraft 1955; Tilion platyphyllis Moor 1973; Tilion platyphyllis Moor 1975; Sorbo-Fraxinion Béguin et Theurillat 1981; Tilio-Acerion Ellenberg et Klötzli 1972; Adoxo-Acerion pseudoplatani Passarge 1968; Melico-Tilion platyphylli Passarge 1968; Melico-Tilion platyphylli Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Stachyo-Acerion pseudoplatani Passarge 1968; Stachyo-Acerion pseudoplatani Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Refugial submediterranean xero-thermophilous broad-leaved ravine forests of Balkan Peninsula Fraxino excelsiori-Acerion pseudoplatani P. Fukarek 1969 Schaminee et al, 2012
Mesophilous broad-leaved ravine ash-maple forests of Balkan Peninsula Rhododendro pontici-Fagetalia orientalis Passarge 1981 Schaminee et al, 2012
Astrantio–Carpinion caucasicae Passarge 1981 High-altitude hornbeam forests of central Caucasus. Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 10 Ashwood overlap
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 09 Mixed oak forest overlap
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A111 Woodland: broadleaved, semi-natural overlap
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 3 Upland mixed ashwoods narrower
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 1 Upland oakwood overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.2 Tiliaie thermophile sur éboulis ou lapiez narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.3 Chênaie à charmes narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.3.1 Erablaie de ravin méso-hygrophile narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.A Woodland with Castanea sativa, Carpinus betulus, Tilia or Sorbus aucuparia same
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