EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > B - Coastal habitats > B1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > B1.4 - Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes)

Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes)

English name: Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes)

Description (English)

Fixed or semifixed dunes of the coasts of the boreal, nemoral, steppe, mediterranean and warm-temperate humid zones, with the perennial grasslands, chamaephyte-dotted grasslands, forblands, subshrub or succulent communities that stabilise them and the therophyte communities that may occupy the grassland clearings.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code B1.4
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Euphorbio portlandicae-Helichrysion stoechadis Géhu et Tx. ex Sissingh 1974 Sandy grasslands on base-rich stabilised dunes of francoatlantic section of Atlantic Ocean shores Euphorbio portlandicae-Helichrysion stoechadis Géhu et Tx. 1972 Schaminee et al, 2012
Alkanno-Maresion nanae Rivas Goday ex Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963 corr. Díez Garretas et al. 2001 Western Mediterranean ephemeral therophyte coastal dune vegetation Alkanno-Malcolmion parviflorae Rivas Goday 1958; Alkanno-Malcolmion ramosissimae Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Maresio-Malcolmion ramosissimae (Rivas-Mart. 1978) Rivas-Mart. et al. 1992; Ornithopo pinnati-Malcolmion ramosissimae (Rivas Goday 1958) de Foucault 1999; Alkanno-Malcolmion parviflorae Rivas Goday ex S. Brullo et Marcenó 1974; Sileno sericeae-Malcolmion ramosissimae de Foucault et Géhu in de Foucault 1999; Malcolmion ramosissimae Géhu et Biondi in Géhu 1994 Schaminee et al, 2012
Anthyllido hamosae-Malcolmion lacerae Rivas Goday 1958 Thermomediterranean sandy ephemeral on sandy of western and southwestern Iberia Hymenocarpo hamosi-Malcolmion trilobatae Rivas Goday 1958 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Psammo-Koelerion Pignatti 1953 Northern Adriatic dwarf scrub on stabilised coastal hinddunes Schaminee et al, 2012
Koelerion arenariae Tx. 1937 corr. Gutermann et Mucina 1993 Sandy grasslands on base-rich stabilised grey dunes of North Sea coasts from northern France to Germany Galio-Koelerion (Tx. 1937) Westhoff et Den Held 1969; Koelerion albescentis Tx. 1937; Koelerion arenariae Tx. 1937 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002; Phleo arenarii-Cerastion diffusi de Foucault 1999; Phleo-Koelerion Doing 1974; Tortulo-Koelerion (Tx. 1937) Weeda, Doing et Schaminée in Schaminée et al. 1996; Phleo arenarii-Cerastion diffusi de Foucault 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Helichrysion picardii (Rivas-Mart., Costa et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1990) Rivas-Mart. et al. 1999 Iberoatlantic dwarf scrub on stabilised coastal hinddunes Iberidion procumbentis Bellot 1966; Helichrysion picardii (Rivas-Mart., Costa et Izco in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1990) Géhu 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ononidion tournefortii Géhu et al. 1996 Ephemeral therophyte communities of coastal sandy soils of Canary Islands and southwestern Morocco Schaminee et al, 2012
Scabiosion ucranicae Sanda et al. 1980 Northwestern Euxinic grasslands on stabilised coastal hinddunes Scabiosion argenteae (Boscaiu 1975) Popescu et Sanda 1987 Schaminee et al, 2012
Vulpio-Lotion Horvatic 1963 Ephemeral therophyte communities on terra rosa and decalcified soils in Illyric-Dinaric coastal regions Loto angustifoliae-Vulpion ciliatae Horvatic 1960 nom. invers.; Vulpio-Lotion Horvatic 1960 Schaminee et al, 2012
Euphobio paraliae-Lotion glauci Jardim et al. 2003 Dwarf scrub on stabilised coastal hinddunes of Madeira and Porto Santo Euphobio paraliae-Lotion glauci Jardim et al. 2003 corr. Jardim et al. 2012 Schaminee et al, 2012
Crucianellion maritimae Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1958 Mediterranean dwarf scrub on stabilised coastal hinddunes Ononidion ramosissimae Pignatti 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Diantho catalaunici-Scrophularion humifusae Baudiere et Simonneau 1974 Catalonian-Languedocian grasslands on coastal stabilised sandy soils Schaminee et al, 2012
Corynephorion canescentis Klika 1931 Silicicolous tussock perennial open grasslands of atlantic and subatlantic regions of northwestern and Central Europe Caricion arenariae Doing 1974; Corynephorion Br.-Bl. et de Leeuw 1926; Dicrano-Cladinion Doing 1963; Filagini-Corynephorion Passarge 1960; Miboro minimae-Corynephorion canescentis Loiseau et Felzines 2007; Polytricho-Cornicularion Doing 1974; Sedo micranthi-Corynephorion canescentis Loiseau et Felzines 2007; Spergulo-Corynephorion (Klika 1931) Passarge 1960 Schaminee et al, 2012
Verbascion pinnatifidi Korzhenevsky et Klyukin 1990 Vegetation of young quartzitic sands and shell-detritus in retrodunal habitats of Azov Sea costs of Crimea Schaminee et al, 2012
Melico chrysolepidis-Ephedrion distachyae Umanets et Solomakha 1999 Grasslands on ancient calcium-rich shell sediments of the northwestern coast of Black Sea Schaminee et al, 2012
Maresion nanae Géhu et al. 1987 Ephemeral therophyte communities of coastal dunes of Eastern Mediterranean Malcolmion nanae Géhu et al. 1986 Schaminee et al, 2012
Laguro ovati-Vulpion fasciculatae Géhu et Biondi 1994 Western Mediterranean subnitrophilous ephemeral therophyte vegetation of disturbed coastal dunes Catapodio hemipoae-Vulpion fasciculatae de Foucault 1999; Catapodio hemipoae-Vulpion fasciculatae de Foucault 2001 Schaminee et al, 2012
Psammo-Vulpion Pignatti 1953 Ephemeral therophyte communities of coastal dunes of Central Mediterranean Schaminee et al, 2012
Cutandio maritimae-Vulpion membranaceae de Foucault et Géhu in de Foucault 1999 diagnosis Sileno conicae-Vulpion membranaceae de Foucault 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Cynodonto-Teucrion polii Korzhenevsky et Klyukin 1990 Sarmatian dwarf-scrub and grasslands on stabilised coastal hinddunes Schaminee et al, 2012
Medicagini-Triplachnion nitentis Mayer 1995 Ephemeral therophyte communities of sandy and gravelly beaches of eastern Aegean region and southern Anatolia Schaminee et al, 2012
Sileno thymifoliae-Jurineion kilaeae Géhu et Uslu ex Mucina et Iakushenko ined. Southwestern Euxinic dwarf scrub and grasslands on stabilised coastal hinddunes Sileno thymifoliae-Jurineion kilaeae Géhu et Uslu 1989; Sileno thymifoliae-Jurineion kilaeae Uslu et Géhu 1990 Schaminee et al, 2012
Linarion pedunculatae Díez Garretas et al. in Díez Garretas 1984 Ephemeral therophyte coastal dune vegetation of southern Iberia, southwestern Portugal and western Maghreb Linarion pedunculatae Díez Garretas et al. in Díez Garretas 1978 Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 16.22 Grey dunes same
CORINE Land Cover 3.3.1. Beaches, dunes, and sand plains n/a
HELCOM Baltic Sea Marine and Coastal Biotopes 1998 03.04.03 Coastal dunes: grey dunes same
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 4.1.3.1 Dune grass type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 4.1.4 Fixed sand dunes n/a
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 H68 Sand-dune: open dune wider
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 H65 Sand-dune: dune grassland overlap
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.32 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.22 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.22 Grey dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.22   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.22   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.22   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.22   same
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