Machairs (* in Ireland)

Description (English)

Machairs only have priority status in Ireland. Complex habitat comprised of a sandy coastal plain resulting partially from grazing and/or rotational cultivation, in an oceanic location with a cool, moist climate. The wind blown sand has a significant percentage of shell derived material, forming a lime rich soil with pH values normally greater than 7. Vegetation is herbaceous, with a low frequency of sand binding species.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 21A0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 31 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Cochlearia scotica
Flowering Plants Euphrasia marshallii
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cochlearia scotica Flowering Plants
Euphrasia marshallii Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000194 Ireland Tranarossan and Melmore Lough SAC Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IE0000212 Ireland Inishmaan Island SAC Map
IE0000213 Ireland Inishmore Island SAC Map
IE0000470 Ireland Mullet/Blacksod Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000484 Ireland Cross Lough (Killadoon) SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000507 Ireland Inishkea Islands SAC Map
IE0000625 Ireland Bunduff Lough and Machair/Trawalua/Mullaghmore SAC Map
IE0001141 Ireland Gweedore Bay and Islands SAC Map
IE0001190 Ireland Sheephaven SAC Map
IE0001309 Ireland Omey Island Machair SAC Map
IE0001482 Ireland Clew Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0001497 Ireland Doogort Machair/Lough Doo SAC Map
IE0001513 Ireland Keel Machair/Menaun Cliffs SAC Map
IE0001932 Ireland Mweelrea/Sheeffry/Erriff Complex SAC Map
IE0002012 Ireland North Inishowen Coast SAC Map
IE0002074 Ireland Slyne Head Peninsula SAC Map
IE0002111 Ireland Kilkieran Bay and Islands SAC Map
IE0002129 Ireland Murvey Machair SAC Map
UK0012594 United Kingdom Rum Map
UK0012694 United Kingdom Monach Islands Map
UK0012713 United Kingdom South Uist Machair Map
UK0012786 United Kingdom Durness Map
UK0013055 United Kingdom Oldshoremore and Sandwood Map
UK0014728 United Kingdom Coll Machair Map
UK0014744 United Kingdom Tiree Machair Map
UK0019804 United Kingdom North Uist Machair Map
UK0030340 United Kingdom Tràigh na Berie Map
UK0030341 United Kingdom Oronsay Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 B1.9 Machair same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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