Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Genista

Description (English)

Dunes of the North Sea and Baltic plains, formed of quartzic sands originating in redeposited and reworked glacial drift and outwash. They are highly siliceous in the Netherlands, northern Belgium and northwestern Germany, progressively slightly less oligotrophic and with a more continental cortège in northeastern Germany, Poland and eastern Baltic plain. The dune systems, particularly the large ones, harbour a unique ensemble of interacting communities and harbour many specialised and restricted organisms. They have considerably regressed and the remaining examples are fragile and often threatened. Vegetation is dominated by heaths with Calluna and Genista.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 2310)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Bad
Continental - Poor
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 173 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Genista anglica
Flowering Plants Genista pilosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Genista anglica Flowering Plants
Genista pilosa Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE2100015 Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide Map
BE2100016 Belgium Klein en Groot Schietveld Map
BE2100017 Belgium Bos- en heidegebieden ten oosten van Antwerpen Map
BE2100024 Belgium Vennen, heiden en moerassen rond Turnhout Map
BE2100026 Belgium Valleigebied van de Kleine Nete met brongebieden, moerassen en heiden Map
BE2100040 Belgium Bovenloop van de Grote Nete met Zammelsbroek, Langdonken en Goor. Map
BE2200028 Belgium De Maten Map
BE2200029 Belgium Vallei- en brongebied van de Zwarte Beek, Bolisserbeek en Dommel met heide en vengebieden. Map
BE2200030 Belgium Mangelbeek en heide- en vengebieden tussen Houthalen en Gruitrode Map
BE2200031 Belgium Valleien van de Laambeek, Zonderikbeek, Slangebeek en Roosterbeek met vijvergebieden. Map
BE2200032 Belgium Hageven met Dommelvallei, Beverbeekse Heide, Warmbeek en Wateringen Map
BE2200035 Belgium Mechelse Heide en vallei van de Ziepbeek Map
BE2200043 Belgium Bosbeekvallei en aangrenzende bos- en heidegebieden te As-Opglabbeek-Maaseik Map
BE2300006 Belgium Schelde- en Durmeëstuarium van de Nederlandse grens tot Gent Map
BE2300044 Belgium Bossen van het zuidoosten van de Zandleemstreek Map
BE2400014 Belgium Demervallei Map
DE1119303 Germany Süderlügumer Binnendünen Map
DE1219392 Germany Heide- und Magerrasenlandschaft am Ochsenweg und im Soholmfeld Map
DE1319301 Germany NSG Bordelumer Heide und Langenhorner Heide mit Umgebung Map
DE1320302 Germany Lütjenholmer und Bargumer Heide Map
DE1322391 Germany Treene Winderatter See bis Friedrichstadt und Bollingstedter Au Map
DE1322392 Germany Wald-, Moor- und Heidelandschaft der Fröruper Berge und Umgebung Map
DE1324391 Germany Wellspanger-Loiter-Oxbek-System und angrenzende Wälder Map
DE1623392 Germany Binnendünen- und Moorlandschaft im Sorgetal Map
DE1724334 Germany Dünen bei Kattbek Map
DE1927301 Germany Kiebitzholmer Moor und Trentmoor Map
DE2024301 Germany Heiden und Dünen bei Störkathen Map
DE2026304 Germany Barker Heide Map
DE2117331 Germany Küstenheiden und Krattwälder bei Cuxhaven Map
DE2123301 Germany Binnendünen Nordoe Map
DE2130302 Germany Herrnburger Binnendüne und Duvennester Moor Map
DE2130303 Germany Moore in der Palinger Heide Map
DE2130322 Germany Herrnburger Dünen Map
DE2130391 Germany Grönauer Heide, Grönauer Moor und Blankensee Map
DE2230381 Germany Trockenflächen nordwestlich Groß Sarau Map
DE2251301 Germany Altwarper Binnendünen, Neuwarper See und Riether Werder Map
DE2322301 Germany Schwingetal Map
DE2324302 Germany Schnaakenmoor Map
DE2324303 Germany Holmer Sandberge und Buttermoor Map
DE2426301 Germany Boberger Düne und Hangterrassen Map
DE2441302 Germany Seenlandschaft zwischen Klocksin und Jabel Map
DE2520331 Germany Oste mit Nebenbächen Map
DE2524331 Germany Este, Bötersheimer Heide, Glüsinger Bruch und Osterbruch Map
DE2527303 Germany Borghorster Elblandschaft Map
DE2528331 Germany Elbeniederung zwischen Schnackenburg und Geesthacht Map
DE2635303 Germany Ludwigsluster-Grabower Heide, Weißes Moor und Griemoor Map
DE2717301 Germany Heide und Heideweiher auf der Rekumer Geest Map
DE2723331 Germany Wümmeniederung Map
DE2725301 Germany Lüneburger Heide Map
DE2733301 Germany Lübtheener Heide und Trebser Moor Map
DE2809331 Germany Ems Map
DE2815331 Germany Sager Meer, Ahlhorner Fischteiche und Lethe Map
DE2824331 Germany Schwarzes Moor und Seemoor Map
DE2846301 Germany Kleine Schorfheide - Havel Map
DE2915331 Germany Tannersand und Gierenberg Map
DE2918331 Germany Steller Heide Map
DE2919331 Germany Sandtrockenrasen Achim Map
DE2921331 Germany Wolfsgrund Map
DE2924331 Germany Riensheide Map
DE2934301 Germany Nemitzer Heide Map
DE2936301 Germany Perleberger Schießplatz Map
DE2937303 Germany Untere Stepenitzniederung und Jeetzbach Map
DE2941302 Germany Wittstock-Ruppiner Heide Map
DE3011331 Germany Windelberg Map
DE3013301 Germany Heiden und Moore an der Talsperre Thülsfeld Map
DE3021331 Germany Aller (mit Barnbruch), untere Leine, untere Oker Map
DE3037302 Germany Karthan Map
DE3110301 Germany Tinner Dose, Sprakeler Heide Map
DE3124301 Germany Moor- und Heidegebiete im Truppenübungsplatz Bergen-Hohne Map
DE3138303 Germany Quitzöbler Dünengebiet Map
DE3210302 Germany Untere Haseniederung Map
DE3248302 Germany Trampe Map
DE3317301 Germany Neustädter Moor Map
DE3319331 Germany Hohes Moor bei Kirchdorf Map
DE3338301 Germany Binnendüne bei Scharlibbe Map
DE3339301 Germany Niederung der Unteren Havel/Gülper See Map
DE3406301 Germany Itterbecker Heide Map
DE3409331 Germany Moorschlatts und Heiden in Wachendorf Map
DE3418301 Germany Renzeler Moor Map
DE3508331 Germany Tillenberge Map
DE3528301 Germany Fahle Heide, Gifhorner Heide Map
DE3535301 Germany Colbitz-Letzlinger Heide Map
DE3644303 Germany Parforceheide Map
DE3649301 Germany Swatzke und Skabyberge Map
DE3708302 Germany Gildehauser Venn Map
DE3711301 Germany Emsaue Map
DE3742302 Germany Hackenheide Map
DE3749304 Germany Griesenseen Map
DE3749307 Germany Binnendüne Waltersberge Map
DE3752301 Germany Buschschleuse Map
DE3847307 Germany Jägersberg-Schirknitzberg Map
DE3848306 Germany Streganzsee-Dahme und Bürgerheide Map
DE3849301 Germany Milaseen Map
DE3849303 Germany Kienheide Map
DE3936301 Germany Elbaue zwischen Saalemündung und Magdeburg Map
DE3936302 Germany Binnendüne Gommern Map
DE3944301 Germany Forst Zinna/Keilberg Map
DE3945303 Germany Heidehof - Golmberg Map
DE3947301 Germany Massow Map
DE3947304 Germany Glashütte/Mochheide Map
DE4051301 Germany Lieberoser Endmoräne und Staakower Läuche Map
DE4118301 Germany Senne mit Stapelager Senne Map
DE4138301 Germany Kühnauer Heide und Elbaue zwischen Aken und Dessau Map
DE4205301 Germany Grosses Veen Map
DE4209303 Germany Westruper Heide Map
DE4240301 Germany Mittlere Oranienbaumer Heide Map
DE4249303 Germany Calauer Schweiz Map
DE4306301 Germany NSG Lippeaue bei Damm u. Bricht und NSG Loosenberge, nur Teilfl. Map
DE4306302 Germany NSG - Komplex In den Drevenacker Dünen, mit Erweiterung Map
DE4306303 Germany Kaninchenberge Map
DE4344301 Germany Dünengebiet Dautzschen-Döbrichau Map
DE4344302 Germany Annaburger Heide Map
DE4344303 Germany Annaburger Heide Map
DE4350302 Germany Binnendünenkomplex Woschkow Map
DE4450301 Germany Weißer Berg bei Bahnsdorf Map
DE4452301 Germany Spreetal und Heiden zwischen Uhyst und Spremberg Map
DE4552301 Germany Truppenübungsplatz Oberlausitz Map
DE4552302 Germany Oberlausitzer Heide- und Teichlandschaft Map
DE4648302 Germany Königsbrücker Heide Map
DE4702302 Germany Wälder und Heiden bei Brüggen-Bracht Map
DE4802301 Germany Lüsekamp und Boschbeek Map
DE4806305 Germany Wahler Berg Map
DE5108301 Germany Wahner Heide Map
DE5917302 Germany Heidelandschaft westlich Mörfelden-Walldorf mit angrenz. Flächen Map
DE5917303 Germany Kelsterbacher Wald Map
DE5919302 Germany Düne von Dudenhofen Map
DE5920350 Germany Sendefunkstelle Mainflingen/Zellhausen Map
DE6019302 Germany In den Rödern bei Babenhausen Map
DE6118302 Germany Sandmagerrasen am Spießfeld westlich Dieburg Map
DE6227371 Germany Sandgebiete bei Schwarzach, Klein- und Großlangheim Map
DE6417304 Germany Viernheimer Waldheide und angrenzende Flächen Map
DE6417350 Germany Reliktwald Lampertheim und Sandrasen untere Wildbahn Map
DE6532371 Germany Wasserwerk Erlenstegen Map
DE6609306 Germany Limbacher Sanddüne Map
DE6616301 Germany Speyerer Wald und Haßlocher Wald und Schifferstädter Wiesen Map
DE6617341 Germany Sandgebiete zwischen Mannheim und Sandhausen Map
DE6715302 Germany Bellheimer Wald mit Queichtal Map
DE6734371 Germany Binnendünen und Albtrauf bei Neumarkt Map
DE7236304 Germany NATO-Übungsplatz Siegenburg Map
DK009X179 Denmark Lindet skov, Hønning Mose, Hønning Plantage og Lovrup Skov Map
DK00AX048 Denmark Hedeområder ved Store Råbjerg Map
DK00AX175 Denmark Nørholm Hede, Nørholm Skov og Varde Å øst for Varde Map
DK00AX291 Denmark Alslev Ådal Map
DK00AY176 Denmark Vadehavet med Ribe Å, Tved Å og Varde Å vest for Varde Map
DK00BY165 Denmark Harrild Hede, Ulvemosen og heder i Nørlund Plantage Map
DK00BY171 Denmark Randbøl Hede og klitter i Frederikshåb Plantage Map
DK00CX037 Denmark Borris Hede Map
DK00CX159 Denmark Heder og klitter på Skovbjerg Bakkeø Map
DK00CX160 Denmark Nissum Fjord Map
DK00CX277 Denmark Lønborg Hede Map
DK00DZ153 Denmark Sepstrup Sande, Vrads Sande, Velling Skov og Palsgård Skov Map
DK00EY288 Denmark Hessellund Hede Map
DK00FX127 Denmark Lundby Hede, Oudrup Østerhede og Vindblæs Hede Map
NL1000022 Netherlands Kempenland-West Map
NL1000024 Netherlands Strabrechtse Heide & Beuven Map
NL1000028 Netherlands Maasduinen Map
NL2003010 Netherlands Boschhuizerbergen Map
NL2003014 Netherlands Drouwenerzand Map
NL2003032 Netherlands Mantingerzand Map
NL3000070 Netherlands Dwingelderveld Map
NL3000401 Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen Map
NL9801004 Netherlands Bakkeveense Duinen Map
NL9801009 Netherlands Drentsche Aa-gebied Map
NL9801016 Netherlands Borkeld Map
NL9801017 Netherlands Vecht- en Beneden-Reggegebied Map
NL9801019 Netherlands Buurserzand & Haaksbergerveen Map
NL9801021 Netherlands Dinkelland Map
NL9801023 Netherlands Veluwe Map
NL9801036 Netherlands Leenderbos, Groote Heide & De Plateaux Map
NL9801055 Netherlands Brabantse Wal Map
NL9801071 Netherlands Holtingerveld Map
NL9803011 Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld Map
NL9803030 Netherlands Loonse en Drunense Duinen & Leemkuilen Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 Calluna vulgaris-typ not defined
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 Genista spp.-Calluna vulgaris-typ not defined

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100