Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > SCLEROPHYLLOUS SCRUB (MATORRAL) > Phrygana > West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)

West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)

Description (English)

Rare, extremely local and isolated, cushion-forming thermo-Mediterranean sclerophyllous associations of clifftops and adjacent areas dispersed along the coasts of Provence, Cap Corse, the Straits of Bonifacio, Catalonia (Cabo de Creus) and extreme south-western Portugal (Cabo de São Vicente), characterised by the presence of Astragalus massiliensis or Anthyllis hermanniae, variously accompanied by Thymelaea hirsuta, Helichrysum italicum, Plantago subulatum, Armeria ruscinonensis.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 5410)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 35 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Anthyllis hermanniae
Flowering Plants Armeria ruscinonensis
Flowering Plants Astragalus massiliensis
Flowering Plants Helichrysum italicum
Flowering Plants Thymelaea hirsuta
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Anthyllis hermanniae Flowering Plants
Armeria ruscinonensis Flowering Plants
Astragalus massiliensis Flowering Plants
Helichrysum italicum Flowering Plants
Thymelaea hirsuta Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES5120007 Spain Cap de Creus Map
ES5120016 Spain El Montgrí- Les Medes - El Baix Ter Map
FR9101481 France Côte rocheuse des Albères Map
FR9301602 France Calanques et îles marseillaises - Cap Canaille et massif du Grand Caunet Map
FR9301610 France Cap Sicie - Six Fours Map
FR9301613 France Rade d'Hyères Map
FR9301622 France La plaine et le massif des Maures Map
FR9301624 France Corniche Varoise Map
FR9301628 France Esterel Map
FR9400591 France Plateau de Pertusato/ Bonifacio et îles Lavezzi Map
FR9400609 France Iles et pointe Bruzzi, étangs de Chevanu et d'Arbitru Map
FR9400616 France Junipéraie de Porto Pollo et plage de Cupabia Map
FR9402001 France Campomoro-Senetosa Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB010006 Italy Monte Russu Map
ITB010042 Italy Capo Caccia (con le Isole Foradada e Piana) e Punta del Giglio Map
ITB010043 Italy Coste e Isolette a Nord Ovest della Sardegna Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
ITB012211 Italy Isola Rossa - Costa Paradiso Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB040024 Italy Isola Rossa e Capo Teulada Map
MT0000002 Malta L-Inħawi ta' Pembroke Map
MT0000006 Malta Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Baħar) Map
MT0000007 Malta Is-Salini Map
MT0000009 Malta L-Inħawi tar-Ramla tat-Torri u tal-Irdum tal-Madonna Map
MT0000010 Malta Ix-Xagħra tal-Kortin Map
MT0000012 Malta Wied il-Miżieb Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inħawi tal-Għadira Map
MT0000017 Malta Kemmuna u l-Gżejjer ta' Madwarha Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla taċ-Ċirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Bengħisa Map
MT0000026 Malta Il-Qortin tal-Magun u l-Qortin il-Kbir Map
MT0000034 Malta L-Inħawi ta' Ta' Ċenċ Map
MT0000036 Malta L-Inħawi tal-Wej Map
PTCON0012 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100