Blanket bogs (* if active bog)

Description (English)

Extensive bog communities or landscapes on flat or sloping ground with poor surface drainage, in oceanic climates with heavy rainfall, characteristic of western and northern Britain and Ireland. In spite of some lateral water flow, blanket bogs are mostly ombrotrophic. They often cover extensive areas with local topographic features supporting distinct communities Erico-Sphagnetalia magellanici: Pleurozio purpureae-Ericetum tetralicis, Vaccinio-Ericetum tetralicis p.; Scheuchzerietalia palustris p., Utricularietalia intermedio-minoris p., Caricetalia fuscae p. Sphagna play an important role in all of them but the cyperaceous component is greater than in raised bogs. Only active bogs are considered to have priority status. The term "active" must be taken to mean still supporting a significant area of vegetation that is normally peat forming.
Subtypes in the British Isles:
Pal. 52.1 - Hyper-Atlantic blanket bogs of the western coastlands of Ireland, western Scotland and its islands, Cumbria, Northern Wales; bogs locally dominated by sphagna (Sphagnum auriculatum, Sphagnum magellanicum, Sphagnum compactum, Sphagnum papillosum, Sphagnum nemoreum, Sphagnum rubellum, Sphagnum tenellum, Sphagnum subnitens), or, particularly in parts of western Ireland, mucilaginous algal deposits (Zygogonium).
Pal. 52.2 - Blanket bogs of high ground, hills and mountains in Scotland, Ireland, Western England and Wales.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 7130)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Bad
Atlantic - Bad
Macaronesian - Good
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 97 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Birds Calidris alpina
Birds Pluvialis apricaria
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Carex panicea
Flowering Plants Drosera rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Erica tetralix
Flowering Plants Eriophorum vaginatum
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Myrica gale
Flowering Plants Narthecium ossifragum
Flowering Plants Pedicularis sylvatica
Flowering Plants Pinguicula lusitanica
Flowering Plants Polygala serpyllifolia
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Rhynchospora alba
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Scirpus cespitosus
Mosses & Liverworts Campylopus atrovirens
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum auriculatum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum compactum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum magellanicum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum nemoreum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum papillosum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum pulchrum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum rubellum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum strictum
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum subnitens
Mosses & Liverworts Sphagnum tenellum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Calidris alpina Dunlin Birds
Pluvialis apricaria Golden Plover Birds
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Carex panicea Flowering Plants
Drosera rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Erica tetralix Flowering Plants
Eriophorum vaginatum Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Myrica gale Flowering Plants
Narthecium ossifragum Flowering Plants
Pedicularis sylvatica Flowering Plants
Pinguicula lusitanica Flowering Plants
Polygala serpyllifolia Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Rhynchospora alba Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Scirpus cespitosus Flowering Plants
Campylopus atrovirens Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum auriculatum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum compactum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum magellanicum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum nemoreum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum papillosum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum pulchrum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum rubellum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum strictum Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum subnitens Mosses & Liverworts
Sphagnum tenellum Mosses & Liverworts

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
AT3205021 Austria Obertauern-Hundsfeldmoor Map
AT3213003 Austria Gerzkopf Map
AT3413000 Austria Wiegensee Map
ES0000054 Spain Somiedo Map
ES0000055 Spain Fuentes del Narcea y del Ibias Map
ES0000315 Spain Ubiña-La Mesa Map
ES1110002 Spain Costa Ártabra Map
ES1120015 Spain Serra do Xistral Map
ES1200008 Spain Redes Map
ES1200009 Spain Ponga-Amieva Map
ES1200041 Spain Peña Manteca-Genestaza Map
ES1200042 Spain Sierra Plana de la Borbolla Map
ES1200043 Spain Sierra del Sueve Map
ES1200044 Spain Turbera de la Molina Map
ES1200045 Spain Turbera de Las Dueñas Map
ES1200056 Spain Fuentes del Narcea, Degaña e Ibias Map
ES1300001 Spain Liébana Map
ES1300002 Spain Montaña oriental Map
ES1300021 Spain Valles altos del Nansa y Saja y Alto Campoo Map
ES2130002 Spain Ordunte Map
ES4120049 Spain Bosques del Valle de Mena Map
ES4120088 Spain Montes de Valnera Map
FR2300123 France Boucles de la Seine Aval Map
FR5300013 France Monts d'Arrée centre et est Map
FR7200749 France Montagnes du Barétous Map
IE0000093 Ireland Caha Mountains SAC Map
IE0000129 Ireland Croaghonagh Bog SAC Map
IE0000140 Ireland Fawnboy Bog/Lough Nacung SAC Map
IE0000142 Ireland Gannivegil Bog SAC Map
IE0000165 Ireland Lough Nillan Bog (Carrickatlieve) SAC Map
IE0000168 Ireland Magheradrumman Bog SAC Map
IE0000172 Ireland Meenaguse/Ardbane Bog SAC Map
IE0000173 Ireland Meentygrannagh Bog SAC Map
IE0000189 Ireland Slieve League SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IE0000308 Ireland Loughatorick South Bog SAC Map
IE0000324 Ireland Rosroe Bog SAC Map
IE0000330 Ireland Tully Mountain SAC Map
IE0000365 Ireland Killarney National Park, Macgillycuddy's Reeks and Caragh River Catchment SAC Map
IE0000375 Ireland Mount Brandon SAC Map
IE0000412 Ireland Slieve Bloom Mountains SAC Map
IE0000476 Ireland Carrowmore Lake Complex SAC Map
IE0000485 Ireland Corraun Plateau SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000522 Ireland Lough Gall Bog SAC Map
IE0000534 Ireland Owenduff/Nephin Complex SAC Map
IE0000542 Ireland Slieve Fyagh Bog SAC Map
IE0000584 Ireland Cuilcagh - Anierin Uplands SAC Map
IE0000633 Ireland Lough Hoe Bog SAC Map
IE0000634 Ireland Lough Nabrickkeagh Bog SAC Map
IE0000646 Ireland Galtee Mountains SAC Map
IE0001107 Ireland Coolvoy Bog SAC Map
IE0001125 Ireland Dunragh Loughs/Pettigo Plateau SAC Map
IE0001179 Ireland Muckish Mountain SAC Map
IE0001197 Ireland Keeper Hill SAC Map
IE0001403 Ireland Arroo Mountain SAC Map
IE0001669 Ireland Knockalongy and Knockachree Cliffs SAC Map
IE0001873 Ireland Derryclogher (Knockboy) Bog SAC Map
IE0001879 Ireland Glanmore Bog SAC Map
IE0001881 Ireland Maulagowna Bog SAC Map
IE0001890 Ireland Mullaghanish Bog SAC Map
IE0001912 Ireland Glendree Bog SAC Map
IE0001913 Ireland Sonnagh Bog SAC Map
IE0001922 Ireland Bellacorick Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0001932 Ireland Mweelrea/Sheeffry/Erriff Complex SAC Map
IE0001955 Ireland Croaghaun/Slievemore SAC Map
IE0001992 Ireland Tamur Bog SAC Map
IE0002006 Ireland Ox Mountains Bogs SAC Map
IE0002008 Ireland Maumturk Mountains SAC Map
IE0002031 Ireland The Twelve Bens/Garraun Complex SAC Map
IE0002032 Ireland Boleybrack Mountain SAC Map
IE0002034 Ireland Connemara Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0002036 Ireland Ballyhoura Mountains SAC Map
IE0002047 Ireland Cloghernagore Bog and Glenveagh National Park SAC Map
IE0002118 Ireland Barnahallia Lough SAC Map
IE0002122 Ireland Wicklow Mountains SAC Map
IE0002126 Ireland Pollagoona Bog SAC Map
IE0002144 Ireland Newport River SAC Map
IE0002164 Ireland Lough Golagh and Breesy Hill SAC Map
IE0002177 Ireland Lough Dahybaun SAC Map
IE0002258 Ireland Silvermines Mountains West SAC Map
IE0002301 Ireland River Finn SAC Map
IE0002312 Ireland Slieve Bernagh Bog SAC Map
PTCOR0001 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTFAI0004 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTFLO0002 Portugal Zona Central - Morro Alto - Ilha das Flores Map
PTJOR0014 Portugal Costa NE e Ponta do Topo - Ilha de S. Jorge Map
PTMIG0019 Portugal Lagoa do Fogo - Ilha de S. Miguel Map
PTMIG0024 Portugal Serra da Tronqueira / Planalto dos Graminhais Map
PTPIC0009 Portugal Montanha do Pico, Prainha e Caveiro - Ilha do Pico Map
PTTER0017 Portugal Serra Santa Bárbara e Pico Alto - Ilha da Terceira Map
PTZPE0020 Portugal Costa e Caldeirão - Ilha do Corvo Map
PTZPE0023 Portugal Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial Map
PTZPE0027 Portugal Zona Central do Pico - Ilha do Pico Map
PTZPE0033 Portugal Pico da Vara / Ribeira do Guilherme - Ilha de S. Miguel Map
SE0720282 Sweden Ånnsjön Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M19 Calluna vulgaris-Eriophorum vaginatum blanket mire not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M18 Erica tetralix-Sphagnum papillosum raised and blanket mire not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M20 Eriophorum vaginatum blanket mire not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M15 Scirpus cespitosus-Erica tetralix wet heath not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M17 Scirpus cespitosus-Eriophorum vaginatum blanket mire not defined
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M1 Sphagnum auriculatum bog pool community not defined
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