Palsa mires

Description (English)

Mire complexes in the northern boreal, orohemiarctic and alpine regions, where the climate is slightly continental and the mean annual temperature is below -1°. The mires are mainly minerotrophic, excluding the palsas, which are peat mounds with sporadic permafrost. The palsas are usually 2-4 metres high, but up to 7 metres high palsas have been found in Finland and Sweden.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 7320)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Bad
Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 24 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Betula nana
Flowering Plants Carex rotundata
Flowering Plants Carex saxatilis
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum elongatum
Flowering Plants Eriophorum russeolum
Flowering Plants Ledum palustre
Flowering Plants Vaccinium microcarpum
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Betula nana Flowering Plants
Carex rotundata Flowering Plants
Carex saxatilis Flowering Plants
Dicranum elongatum Mosses & Liverworts
Eriophorum russeolum Flowering Plants
Ledum palustre Flowering Plants
Vaccinium microcarpum Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300103 Finland PÖYRISJÄRVEN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300105 Finland KÄSIVARREN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300107 Finland JIETANASVUOMA Map
FI1300108 Finland IITON PALSASUOT Map
FI1300118 Finland TARVANTOVAARA Map
FI1300201 Finland LEMMENJOEN KANSALLISPUISTO Map
FI1300202 Finland MUOTKATUNTURIN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300206 Finland HANHIJÄNKÄ-PIERKIVAARANJÄNKÄ Map
FI1300207 Finland PIERAN MARIN JÄNKÄ Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302002 Finland KALDOAIVIN ERÄMAA Map
FI1302003 Finland Paistunturin erämaa Map
SE0820185 Sweden Sarek Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820202 Sweden Stora Sjöfallet Map
SE0820204 Sweden Kaitum fjällurskog Map
SE0820216 Sweden Sjaunja Map
SE0820234 Sweden Stordalen Map
SE0820243 Sweden Rautas Map
SE0820261 Sweden Abisko Map
SE0820275 Sweden Alajaure Map
SE0820282 Sweden Torneträsk-Soppero fjällurskog Map
SE0820619 Sweden Tavvavuoma Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 D3.13 Palsa mire flarks wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 D3.1 Palsa mires same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 D3.11 Palsa mounds wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 D3.12 Sphagnum fuscum pounikko hummocks wider
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100