Fields of lava and natural excavations
Sites and products of recent volcanic activity harbouring distinct biological communities.
The following subtypes are included:
Pal. 66.1 Teide violet community. Violetea cheiranthifoliae.
Very open formation of the summit of the Teide volcano of Tenerife, above (2700) 3000 metres, with Viola cheiranthifolia and a few individuals of Silene nocteolens and Argyranthemum teneriffae.
Pal. 66.2 Etna summital communities
Communities of Mount Etna, above the limit of hedgehog heaths.
Pal. 66.3 Barren lava fields
Almost bare lava formations of other volcanoes, and of lower altitudes on Etna and Teide, colonised by, besides communities related to ones covered in other sections, lichens (e.g. Stereocaulon vesubianum) and invertebrates.
Pal. 66.4 Volcanic ash and lapilli fields
Pal. 66.5 Lava tubes
Caves formed by hollow basaltic tubes resulting from the cooling of the surface of lava flows whose molten interior continued to flow. The very large tube created by the volcano La Corona of Lanzarote harbours unique communities of invertebrates, in particular, the decapod crustacean Munidopsis polymorpha, endemic to that locality, and several crustaceans of the genus Speleonectes.
Pal. 66.6 Fumaroles
Orifices in volcanic areas through which escape hot gases and vapours. Their very extreme environment is colonised by paucispecific but highly distinct communities.
|EU Habitats Directive||Annex I habitat type (code 8320)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Macaronesian - Unfavourable-Bad|
|Mediterranean - Favourable|
|Habitat type||Not priority|
|Natura 2000 sites||79 are designated for this habitat type|
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Species mentioned in habitat description
Natura 2000 sites
Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites
Protected sitesPlease note the site map takes a while to display.
Mentioned in the following international legal instruments and agreements
Relation to habitat classifications
|Classification||Code||Habitat type name||Relationship type|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.1||Active volcanic features||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.24||Barren lava fields and flows||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.22||Etna summital communities||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.2||Inactive recent volcanic features||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.11||Italian fumaroles||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H1.4||Lava tubes||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.14||Macaronesian fumaroles||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H1.42||Macaronesian lava tubes||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.13||Pantelleria fumaroles||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.12||Sicilian fumaroles||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.21||Teide violet community||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H1.43||Tethyan lava tubes||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||H6.25||Volcanic ash and lapilli fields||wider|