Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Forests of Boreal Europe > Natural forests of primary succession stages of landupheaval coast

Natural forests of primary succession stages of landupheaval coast

Description (English)

This type includes different types of deciduous, coniferous and mixed natural thickets and forests developed on land upheaval coasts of the Baltic sea. Characteristic for these habitats are stages of primary succession from shore grassland vegetation to climax forests or various wetland types. Also soil stratification is underdeveloped, although podsol soils are otherwise typical for boreal forest. The youngest pioneer forests near the sea are often low or tall herb deciduous forests, thickets or swamps. Vegetation succession can also proceed from willow swamps through forest swamps to mires. Alder and birch are dominant in the tree layer and willows are often common in the shrub layer. Grasses are abundant. Further inland the influence of the sea is weakened, the soils are often poor in nutrients and coniferous forests are typical. Pine, and often also spruce, dominates the tree layer and dwarf shrubs dominate in the field layer. In the bottom layer mosses are common, but in many areas lichens are abundant.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9030)
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 164 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Juniperus communis
Conifers Picea abies
Ferns Equisetum sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Cornus suecica
Flowering Plants Deschampsia flexuosa
Flowering Plants Melampyrum pratense
Flowering Plants Milium effusum
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Myrica gale
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Rubus chamaemorus
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Stellaria graminea
Flowering Plants Trientalis europaea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juniperus communis Conifers
Picea abies Conifers
Equisetum sylvaticum Ferns
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Cornus suecica Flowering Plants
Deschampsia flexuosa Flowering Plants
Melampyrum pratense Flowering Plants
Milium effusum Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Myrica gale Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Rubus chamaemorus Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Stellaria graminea Flowering Plants
Trientalis europaea Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI0200028 Finland Kaarinan metsät Map
FI0200033 Finland Kasalanjokisuu Map
FI0200037 Finland Tapilanlahti Map
FI0200040 Finland Kolkanaukko Map
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200046 Finland Houtskärin lehdot Map
FI0200047 Finland Iniön saaret Map
FI0200052 Finland Åvensorin lehto Map
FI0200053 Finland Hulaholmi - Kluuvi Map
FI0200063 Finland Lenholm Map
FI0200064 Finland Seilin saaristo Map
FI0200065 Finland Pakinaisten saaristo Map
FI0200071 Finland Keistiön fladat Map
FI0200072 Finland Uudenkaupungin saaristo Map
FI0200073 Finland Rauman saaristo Map
FI0200074 Finland Luvian saaristo Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200076 Finland Pooskerin saaristo Map
FI0200077 Finland Ouran saaristo Map
FI0200079 Finland Kokemäenjoen suisto Map
FI0200080 Finland Preiviikinlahti Map
FI0200081 Finland Kuuminaistenniemi Map
FI0200090 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0200105 Finland Houtskärin nummisaaret Map
FI0200126 Finland Uudenkaupungin saarnimetsät Map
FI0200131 Finland Merikarvian laitumet Map
FI0200134 Finland Paraisten kalkkialueet Map
FI0200146 Finland Lohm-Kulm-Ängö Map
FI0800052 Finland Hällörsfjärden Map
FI0800054 Finland Petolahdenjokisuisto Map
FI0800056 Finland Vassorfjärden Map
FI0800057 Finland Södra Stadsfjärden-Söderfjärden-Öjen Map
FI0800064 Finland Lapuanjokisuisto-Bådaviken Map
FI0800067 Finland Sandsundsfjärden Map
FI0800095 Finland Iskmo ön Map
FI0800099 Finland Fänäsnabban Map
FI0800112 Finland Lapväärtin kosteikot Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0800133 Finland Uudenkaarlepyyn saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI0800135 Finland Närpiön saaristo Map
FI0800136 Finland Kokkolan saaristo (SCI) Map
FI0800140 Finland Tegelbruksbacken Map
FI0800141 Finland Brymsören Map
FI0800154 Finland Pohjoislahden metsä Map
FI0800160 Finland Ängesholmen Map
FI1000003 Finland Rummelön-Harrbådan Map
FI1000004 Finland Laajalahti Map
FI1000005 Finland Rahjan saaristo Map
FI1000007 Finland Vihas-Keihäslahti Map
FI1000012 Finland Kalajoen suisto Map
FI1000013 Finland Kåtölandet Map
FI1000017 Finland Vattajanniemi Map
FI1000058 Finland Maristonpakat Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100405 Finland Laitakari-Häyrysenniemi-Purjekari Map
FI1100600 Finland Hiastinlahti Map
FI1100601 Finland Iijoen suisto Map
FI1100602 Finland Röyttä Map
FI1101406 Finland Kyyttikarinnokka Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1103000 Finland Kempeleenlahden ranta Map
FI1103002 Finland Letonniemi Map
FI1103004 Finland Oulujoen suisto Map
FI1103200 Finland Akionlahti Map
FI1103400 Finland Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara Map
FI1104201 Finland Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti ja Heinikarinlampi Map
FI1104202 Finland Rajalahti-Perilahti Map
FI1104203 Finland Sunin alue Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1105201 Finland Säärenperä ja Karinkannanmatala Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1301911 Finland Pajukari-Uksei-Alkunkarinlahti Map
FI1400004 Finland Espholm Map
FI1400098 Finland Mjölkasten Map
FI1400100 Finland Stornäset Map
SE0110147 Sweden Tullviksbäcken Map
SE0210019 Sweden Hållnäskusten Map
SE0210212 Sweden Billudden Map
SE0210220 Sweden Kallriga Map
SE0210222 Sweden Ängskär, Bondskäret Map
SE0210227 Sweden Skaten-Rångsen Map
SE0210231 Sweden Kapplasse Map
SE0210248 Sweden Grillskäret Map
SE0210249 Sweden Högbådan Map
SE0210256 Sweden Idön Map
SE0210257 Sweden Rävsten Map
SE0210270 Sweden Slada Map
SE0210280 Sweden Björns skärgård Map
SE0210282 Sweden Gårdskärskusten Map
SE0210286 Sweden Långsandsörarna Map
SE0630026 Sweden Orarna Map
SE0630027 Sweden Eggegrund och Gråsjälsbådan Map
SE0630028 Sweden Harkskärsfjärden Map
SE0630068 Sweden Agön-Kråkön Map
SE0630089 Sweden Hölick Map
SE0630139 Sweden Långvind Map
SE0630166 Sweden Axmar-Gåsholma Map
SE0630170 Sweden Vitörarna Map
SE0630171 Sweden Gnarpskaten Map
SE0630172 Sweden Gnarps Masugn Map
SE0630178 Sweden Sörsundet Map
SE0630182 Sweden Oxsand Map
SE0630239 Sweden Limön Map
SE0630240 Sweden Vitgrund-Norrskär Map
SE0710046 Sweden Halsviksravinen Map
SE0710054 Sweden Skuleskogen Map
SE0710057 Sweden Balesudden Map
SE0710166 Sweden Del av Bremön Map
SE0710199 Sweden Grönviksmyran Map
SE0710224 Sweden Indalsälvens delta Map
SE0810001 Sweden Kronören Map
SE0810003 Sweden Snöanskärgården Map
SE0810009 Sweden Strömbäck-Kont Map
SE0810010 Sweden Holmöarna Map
SE0810011 Sweden Skeppsviksskärgården Map
SE0810031 Sweden Rataskär Map
SE0810033 Sweden Hertsånger Map
SE0810034 Sweden Bjuröklubb Map
SE0810035 Sweden Skötgrunnan Map
SE0810076 Sweden Utstenarna Map
SE0810365 Sweden Ostnäs Map
SE0810436 Sweden Sävarån Map
SE0810441 Sweden Skallön Map
SE0810456 Sweden Klubben-Rickleån Map
SE0810491 Sweden Umeälvens delta Map
SE0810518 Sweden Tavlefjärden Map
SE0820004 Sweden Stor-Räbben Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
SE0820104 Sweden Eriksören-Svartholmen Map
SE0820108 Sweden Haparanda skärgård Map
SE0820300 Sweden Björn Map
SE0820301 Sweden Trutskär Map
SE0820302 Sweden Granholmen Map
SE0820303 Sweden Likskär Map
SE0820304 Sweden Bådan Map
SE0820305 Sweden Likskäret Map
SE0820306 Sweden Kluntarna Map
SE0820307 Sweden Norr-Äspen Map
SE0820309 Sweden Halsören Map
SE0820310 Sweden Torne-Furö Map
SE0820312 Sweden Skags-Furuholmen Map
SE0820316 Sweden Massan Map
SE0820317 Sweden Furuholmen Map
SE0820321 Sweden Riekkola-Välivaara Map
SE0820323 Sweden Bergöfjärden Map
SE0820324 Sweden Hästholmen Map
SE0820327 Sweden Kalix yttre skärgård Map
SE0820329 Sweden Patta Peken Map
SE0820330 Sweden Vargödraget Map
SE0820629 Sweden Bondöfjärden Map
SE0820631 Sweden Vargön Map
SE0820701 Sweden Storgrundet Map
SE0820703 Sweden Kraaseli-Selkäkari Map
SE0820704 Sweden Rånefjärden Map
SE0820709 Sweden Vuonoviken Map
SE0820710 Sweden Kraaseli Map
SE0820712 Sweden Riekkola Map
SE0820734 Sweden Sarvenkataja Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 Betula pendula-Vaccinium myrtillus-Deschampsia flexuosa -type overlap
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 Hippophaë rhamnoides-type overlap
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 Betula pubescens-Molina caerulea-Sphagnum spp. -type, coastal variants overlap
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