Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Forests of Boreal Europe > Coniferous forests on, or connected to, glaciofluvial eskers

Coniferous forests on, or connected to, glaciofluvial eskers

Description (English)

This type includes Fennoscandian conifer forests found on or close to eskers. The top of an esker is often characterized by Pinus sylvestris and the slopes sometimes by Picea abies, although deciduous species may occur. Eskers are glaciofluvial gravel and sand formations which consist of relatively sorted material, often forming ridges over 20 meters high. In terms of ecological site factors they are more variable than the surrounding forest on flatter ground. In particular the microclimate differs notably between shaded and sunny slopes. Thus aspect and slope inclination, which reflect the effects of solar radiation and soil and air temperatures are important ecological factors. As a result of ecological characteristics, vegetation on sunny esker slopes is often relatively rich in species and particularly contains many leguminous plants as well as some eastern steppe plant species.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9060)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Boreal - Unfavourable-Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 290 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Astragalus alpinus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis arundinacea
Flowering Plants Carex ericetorum
Flowering Plants Dianthus arenarius
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Hypochoeris maculata
Conifers Juniperus communis
Flowering Plants Lathyrus niger
Flowering Plants Melica nutans
Flowering Plants Oxytropis campestris
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Polygonatum odoratum
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Pulsatilla patens
Flowering Plants Rubus saxatilis
Flowering Plants Silene nutans
Flowering Plants Thymus serpyllum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Astragalus alpinus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis arundinacea Flowering Plants
Carex ericetorum Flowering Plants
Dianthus arenarius Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Hypochoeris maculata Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis Conifers
Lathyrus niger Flowering Plants
Melica nutans Flowering Plants
Oxytropis campestris Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Polygonatum odoratum Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Pulsatilla patens Flowering Plants
Rubus saxatilis Flowering Plants
Silene nutans Flowering Plants
Thymus serpyllum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
EE0010106 Estonia Põhja-Kõrvemaa Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0020205 Estonia Ohepalu Map
EE0020301 Estonia Maidla-Iganõmme Map
EE0020318 Estonia Kurtna-Vilivere Map
EE0020325 Estonia Kõnnumaa Map
EE0020328 Estonia Linnumängu Map
EE0040202 Estonia Suursoo-Leidissoo Map
EE0040203 Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma Map
EE0040207 Estonia Karuse-Linnuse Map
EE0040212 Estonia Mustjärve raba Map
EE0040317 Estonia Kivikupitsa Map
EE0040361 Estonia Tõhela-Ermistu Map
EE0040422 Estonia Kesknõmme Map
EE0040423 Estonia Kingli Map
EE0040428 Estonia Koorunõmme Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0040493 Estonia Viidumäe Map
EE0040494 Estonia Viieristi Map
EE0060107 Estonia Vulbi Map
EE0060202 Estonia Mõdriku-Roela Map
EE0060203 Estonia Neeruti Map
EE0060206 Estonia Lasila Map
EE0060207 Estonia Haavakannu Map
EE0060211 Estonia Seljamäe Map
EE0060221 Estonia Viitna Map
EE0070111 Estonia Mäetaguse Map
EE0070119 Estonia Jõuga Map
EE0080309 Estonia Vapramäe Map
EE0080401 Estonia Otepää Map
EE0080502 Estonia Rutu Map
EE0080503 Estonia Kullamäe Map
EE0080517 Estonia Muti Map
EE0080608 Estonia Peetri jõe Map
EE0080613 Estonia Haanja Map
EE0080618 Estonia Verijärve Map
EE0080671 Estonia Karula Map
FI0100001 Finland Bölsviken-Stormossen Map
FI0100002 Finland Tapelsåsen-Lindöviken-Heimlax Map
FI0100031 Finland Lohjanharju ja Ojamonkangas Map
FI0100043 Finland Keräkankare ja Kylmälähde Map
FI0100056 Finland Kalkkilammi-Sääksjärvi Map
FI0100063 Finland Kallahden harju-, niitty- ja vesialueet Map
FI0100074 Finland Porvoonjoen suisto-Stensböle Map
FI0200001 Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo Map
FI0200010 Finland Hyyppärän harjualue Map
FI0200011 Finland Varesharju Map
FI0200020 Finland Myllylähde Map
FI0200021 Finland Haapakeidas Map
FI0200022 Finland Pohjankangas Map
FI0200024 Finland Hämeenkangas Map
FI0200059 Finland Säkylänharju Map
FI0200086 Finland Teijon ylänkö Map
FI0200090 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0301005 Finland Aurinkovuori Map
FI0303006 Finland Vanajaveden alue Map
FI0303016 Finland Vinjalamminharju Map
FI0303018 Finland Kyöpelinvuori-Fagerinmäki Map
FI0304003 Finland Ruskeanmullanharju Map
FI0309001 Finland Vatulanharju-Ulvaanharju Map
FI0310002 Finland Hattelmalanharju Map
FI0310003 Finland Ahvenistonharju-Vuorenharju Map
FI0310005 Finland Raimansuo-Miemalanharju Map
FI0311002 Finland Seitseminen Map
FI0312006 Finland Tunturinvuori Map
FI0312007 Finland Linnamäki Map
FI0315007 Finland Porttilanharju Map
FI0316001 Finland Keisarinharju-Vehoniemenharju Map
FI0325002 Finland Ormajärvi-Untulanharju Map
FI0327003 Finland Maakylän-Räyskälän alue Map
FI0331002 Finland Mäntänvuori Map
FI0335003 Finland Päijänne Map
FI0339008 Finland Metsola Map
FI0344001 Finland Liesjärvi Map
FI0344003 Finland Kaukolanharju Map
FI0347001 Finland Hevospierettämänmäki Map
FI0401001 Finland Kymijoki Map
FI0407001 Finland Ukonhaudat Map
FI0416001 Finland Valkmusa Map
FI0416007 Finland Santaniemenselkä-Tyyslahti Map
FI0420001 Finland Kuolimo Map
FI0420004 Finland Vuohilammen metsä Map
FI0420005 Finland Järvitaipale Map
FI0422001 Finland Ilkonselkä Map
FI0422005 Finland Kyläniemi Map
FI0423001 Finland Syrjiensärkkä Map
FI0424002 Finland Selänpään-, Anttilan- ja Hevosojankangas Map
FI0500012 Finland Kuijärvi - Sonnanen Map
FI0500017 Finland Kyyvesi (SPA) Map
FI0500019 Finland Punkaharju Map
FI0500022 Finland Pyssyharju Map
FI0500023 Finland Tervaruukinsalo Map
FI0500024 Finland Lietvesi Map
FI0500026 Finland Katosselkä - Tolvanselkä Map
FI0500035 Finland Puruvesi Map
FI0500056 Finland Pyörissalo Map
FI0500062 Finland Kotkatharju Map
FI0500093 Finland Hanhilampi Map
FI0500099 Finland Vilkaharju Map
FI0500176 Finland Kyyvesi (SCI) Map
FI0600033 Finland Hällämönharju-Valkeiskangas Map
FI0600039 Finland Lintharju-Kirjosuo sekä Vakkarsuo Map
FI0600068 Finland Älänne Map
FI0600071 Finland Tiilikan alue Map
FI0600087 Finland Hangassuo-Karjalaisenmäki Map
FI0700010 Finland Kolin kansallispuisto Map
FI0700011 Finland Kesonsuo - Palokangas-Selkäkangas - Syväysjoki Map
FI0700017 Finland Munakukkula-Niinivaara Map
FI0700018 Finland Oriveden-Pyhäselän saaristot Map
FI0700033 Finland Valkeajärven harjualue Map
FI0700037 Finland Lammassaari-Yppylä Map
FI0700039 Finland Marjoniemenkangas Map
FI0700044 Finland Petkeljärvi-Putkelanharju Map
FI0700046 Finland Mujejärvi Map
FI0700047 Finland Patvinsuo Map
FI0700050 Finland Viklinrimpi Map
FI0700053 Finland Raesärkkä Map
FI0700056 Finland Ukonsärkän alueen vanhat metsät Map
FI0700061 Finland Ritosärkän alueen vanhat metsät Map
FI0700075 Finland Pöllönvaara-Kruununkangas Map
FI0700076 Finland Karjalansärkkä-Seiväslamminsärkkä Map
FI0700077 Finland Jukavaara-Särkilamminvaara Map
FI0700078 Finland Jouhteninen Map
FI0700082 Finland Piilosensärkät Map
FI0700083 Finland Iso-Juurikan - Leveävaaran alue Map
FI0700084 Finland Multasärkkä-Likolamminkangas Map
FI0700085 Finland Kannusvaara Map
FI0700091 Finland Pyhäjärven alueen luontokokonaisuus Map
FI0700119 Finland Särkkälammit Map
FI0800001 Finland Lauhanvuori Map
FI0800002 Finland Kauhaneva-Pohjankangas (SPA) Map
FI0800003 Finland Kauhaneva - Pohjankangas (SCI) Map
FI0800012 Finland Pohjoisneva Map
FI0800120 Finland Ison Koirajärven harju Map
FI0800133 Finland Uudenkaarlepyyn saaristo Map
FI0900005 Finland Aittosuo-Leppäsuo-Uitusharju Map
FI0900011 Finland Hitonhauta-Kylmähauta-Hirvasjoki Map
FI0900012 Finland Lankamaan harjualue Map
FI0900013 Finland Hietasyrjänkangas-Sirkkaharju Map
FI0900015 Finland Jurvon alue - Jouhtisen metsä Map
FI0900017 Finland Julmatlammit-Kitukorpi Map
FI0900023 Finland Muuramenharju - Innanlahden lehto Map
FI0900045 Finland Housukosken alue Map
FI0900053 Finland Rasuanniemi Map
FI0900061 Finland Varisvuori-Louhukangas-Saukonlähde Map
FI0900069 Finland Pyhä-Häkin alue Map
FI0900070 Finland Kolima-Keitele -koskireitti Map
FI0900072 Finland Kolima Map
FI0900074 Finland Haapasuo-Syysniemi-Rutajärvi-Kivijärvi Map
FI0900085 Finland Syrjäharju Map
FI0900104 Finland Vatianjärven - Saraaveden alue Map
FI0900112 Finland Kulhanvuoren alue Map
FI0900126 Finland Kärppäjärven alue Map
FI0900128 Finland Tervaniemen alue Map
FI1001013 Finland Salamajärvi Map
FI1002001 Finland Tervaneva-Sivakkaneva-Pitkäkangas Map
FI1102608 Finland Rokua Map
FI1105413 Finland Kylmäluoma Map
FI1200057 Finland Pölhövaara Map
FI1200059 Finland Saarijärven aarnialue Map
FI1200104 Finland Oulujärven saaret ja ranta-alueet Map
FI1200214 Finland Pellinkangas Map
FI1200218 Finland Kukkosenvaaran alue Map
FI1200251 Finland Lentuan alue Map
FI1200252 Finland Iso Palonen - Maariansärkät Map
FI1200253 Finland Kokkamo - Kylmäjärvi Map
FI1200608 Finland Räätäkangas Map
FI1200625 Finland Hiidenportin alueet Map
FI1200712 Finland Säynäjäsuon - Matalasuon alue Map
FI1200715 Finland Housuvaara Map
FI1200721 Finland Sydänmaanaro Map
FI1200724 Finland Rimpisuo Map
FI1200729 Finland Hiienvaara Map
FI1200733 Finland Iso Vaskenvaara Map
FI1200740 Finland Öllörinsärkkä Map
FI1200741 Finland Vieremänsuon alue Map
FI1200743 Finland Hossa Map
FI1200744 Finland Pahamaailma Map
FI1200764 Finland Jumalissärkän - Hoikansärkän alue Map
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300604 Finland Näätävuoma-Sotkavuoma Map
FI1300901 Finland Pyhätunturi Map
FI1300907 Finland Kemihaaran suot Map
FI1301507 Finland Sieriäisten harjulammet Map
FI1301706 Finland Viiankiaapa Map
LTJOA0005 Lithuania Šilo miškas Map
LTJOI0007 Lithuania Žagarės ozas Map
LTKEL0020 Lithuania Karalmiškio sengirė Map
LTRAD0005 Lithuania Kurklių miškas Map
LTTRA0001 Lithuania Jurgionių miškas Map
LTTRA0007 Lithuania Spindžiaus miškas Map
LTVAR0017 Lithuania Dainavos giria Map
LTZAR0024 Lithuania Gražutės regioninis parkas Map
LV0100400 Latvia Krustkalnu dabas rezervats Map
LV0100500 Latvia Teicu dabas rezervats Map
LV0303000 Latvia Numernes valnis Map
LV0303400 Latvia Raznas nacionalais parks Map
LV0303700 Latvia Driksnas sils Map
LV0304000 Latvia Laukezers Map
LV0305200 Latvia Ogres Zilie kalni Map
LV0507000 Latvia Certoka ezers (Valnezers) Map
LV0510700 Latvia Greblukalns Map
LV0513400 Latvia Lielie Kangari Map
LV0520500 Latvia Mazie Kangari Map
LV0535200 Latvia Posolnica Map
SE0110003 Sweden Tullgarn, ost Map
SE0110109 Sweden Norra Björkfjärden, ost Map
SE0110115 Sweden Brosjön Map
SE0110152 Sweden Rösaringsåsen Map
SE0110154 Sweden Adelsö-Sättra Map
SE0110156 Sweden Kärsö Map
SE0110324 Sweden Kvedesta Map
SE0110332 Sweden Talbystrand Map
SE0110341 Sweden Hammaren Nyborg Map
SE0210212 Sweden Billudden Map
SE0210214 Sweden Stigsbo Rödmosse Map
SE0210218 Sweden Sandviksåsen Map
SE0210230 Sweden Ekillaåsen Map
SE0210232 Sweden Gropholmarna Map
SE0210234 Sweden Arnö huvud Map
SE0210242 Sweden Viksta stentorg Map
SE0210244 Sweden Hargs tallpark Map
SE0210247 Sweden Högstaåsen Map
SE0210253 Sweden Fageruddsåsen Map
SE0210277 Sweden Marma Map
SE0210349 Sweden Dalkarlsåsen Map
SE0210368 Sweden Färnebofjärden syd Map
SE0210369 Sweden Östa Map
SE0210371 Sweden Torbacksåsen Map
SE0220217 Sweden Tore Grav Map
SE0220503 Sweden Fjellskäfte Map
SE0220604 Sweden Malmaåsen Map
SE0230048 Sweden Åsabackarna Map
SE0230135 Sweden Eknön Map
SE0230176 Sweden Kärnskogsmossen Map
SE0240070 Sweden Rockebro Map
SE0240071 Sweden Kråksjöåsen Map
SE0240072 Sweden Lidetorpsmon Map
SE0240083 Sweden Fåran Map
SE0250038 Sweden Stengärdet Map
SE0250137 Sweden Kyrkbyåsen Map
SE0320002 Sweden Rocknen-Hästhultsskogen Map
SE0320040 Sweden Västra Åsnen Map
SE0320072 Sweden Korrö Map
SE0320113 Sweden Gölsjömyren Map
SE0320118 Sweden Lidhultsåsen Map
SE0320210 Sweden Singelstorps fly Map
SE0320211 Sweden Horsnäsamossen Map
SE0320224 Sweden Vedåsa Map
SE0320229 Sweden Ljungsjömyren Map
SE0330050 Sweden Norra Kvill Map
SE0410203 Sweden Rävsmåla Map
SE0530078 Sweden Mölarp och Kröklingshage Map
SE0620009 Sweden Drevfjällen Map
SE0620073 Sweden Skinnaränget Map
SE0620103 Sweden Haftahedarna Map
SE0620104 Sweden Hästingsflotten Map
SE0620207 Sweden Tjåberget Map
SE0620233 Sweden Bysjöholmarna-Fullsta Map
SE0620246 Sweden Kyrkbytjärn Map
SE0620257 Sweden Stadsberget Map
SE0620272 Sweden Brödlösberget Map
SE0620315 Sweden Trygåskölen Map
SE0630067 Sweden Snäcken Map
SE0630072 Sweden Stora Korpimäki Map
SE0630084 Sweden Kyrkön Map
SE0630190 Sweden Färnebofjärden Map
SE0630191 Sweden Ista Map
SE0710034 Sweden Åsen Map
SE0720033 Sweden Rogen Map
SE0810025 Sweden Hjukenåsarna Map
SE0810086 Sweden Kammen Map
SE0810471 Sweden Djupvik Map
SE0810489 Sweden Valfrid Paulsson-reservatet Map
SE0820075 Sweden Reivo Map
SE0820130 Sweden Udtja Map
SE0820131 Sweden Kronogård Map
SE0820137 Sweden Såkevaratj Map
SE0820167 Sweden Muddus Map
SE0820186 Sweden Ultevis fjällurskog Map
SE0820193 Sweden Stubba Map
SE0820194 Sweden Rumppunen Map
SE0820204 Sweden Kaitum fjällurskog Map
SE0820209 Sweden Lina fjällurskog Map
SE0820214 Sweden Puolva Map
SE0820222 Sweden Jylkkyvaara Map
SE0820282 Sweden Torneträsk-Soppero fjällurskog Map
SE0820298 Sweden Granlandet Map
SE0820616 Sweden Päivävuoma Map
SE0820722 Sweden Jelka-Rimakåbbå Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 2.1.1.4b Pinus sylvestris - Fragaria vesca -variant overlap
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 2.1.1.5 Pinus sylvestris - Lathyrys spp. - Rubus saxatilis-type overlap
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100