Habitat Annex I Directive hierarchical view > FORESTS > Mediterranean deciduous forests > Apennine beech forests with Abies alba and beech forests with Abies nebrodensis

Apennine beech forests with Abies alba and beech forests with Abies nebrodensis

Description (English)

Beech forests of the hill level, on sites colder than those of Pal. 41.181, highly fragmented and harbouring many endemics, with Abies alba and Abies nebrodensis (Geranio nodosi-Fagion, Geranio striati-Fagion). Relict beech forests of the Madonie, Nebrodi and, very locally, the monti Peloritani, with Ilex aquifolium, Daphne laureola, Crataegus monogyna and Prunus spinosa (Pal. 41.186); isolated beech forests of Mount Etna, at the southern limit of the range of the species (Pal. 41.187).

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9220)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Poor
Continental - Good
Mediterranean - Good
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 111 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Abies alba
Conifers Abies nebrodensis
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Prunus spinosa
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies alba Conifers
Abies nebrodensis Conifers
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Prunus spinosa Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
IT4010003 Italy Monte Nero, Monte Maggiorasca, La Ciapa Liscia Map
IT4020020 Italy Crinale dell'Appennino parmense Map
IT4030002 Italy Monte Ventasso Map
IT4030003 Italy Monte la Nuda, Cima Belfiore, Passo del Cerreto Map
IT4030004 Italy Val d'Ozola, Monte Cusna Map
IT4030005 Italy Abetina Reale, Alta Val Dolo Map
IT4030006 Italy Monte Prado Map
IT4050002 Italy Corno alle Scale Map
IT4050032 Italy Monte dei Cucchi, Pian di Balestra Map
IT4080001 Italy Foresta di Campigna, Foresta la Lama, Monte Falco Map
IT4080002 Italy Acquacheta Map
IT4080003 Italy Monte Gemelli, Monte Guffone Map
IT4080005 Italy Monte Zuccherodante Map
IT4080008 Italy Balze di Verghereto, Monte Fumaiolo, Ripa della Moia Map
IT5120014 Italy Monte Corchia - Le Panie Map
IT5120015 Italy Praterie primarie e secondarie delle Apuane Map
IT5130001 Italy Alta Valle del Sestaione Map
IT5140012 Italy Vallombrosa e Bosco di S. Antonio Map
IT5180001 Italy Crinale Monte Falterona - Monte Falco - Monte Gabrendo Map
IT5180002 Italy Foreste Alto Bacino dell'Arno Map
IT5180003 Italy Giogo Seccheta Map
IT5180004 Italy Camaldoli, Scodella, Campigna, Badia Prataglia Map
IT5180018 Italy Foreste di Camaldoli e Badia Prataglia Map
IT5180101 Italy La Verna - Monte Penna Map
IT5190013 Italy Foreste del Siele e del Pigelleto di Piancastagnaio Map
IT51A0019 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Fiora Map
IT5210063 Italy Monti Coscerno - Civitella - Aspra (sommità) Map
IT5310010 Italy Alpe della Luna - Bocca Trabaria Map
IT5340008 Italy Valle della Corte Map
IT6020025 Italy Monti della Laga (Area Sommitale) Map
IT7110128 Italy Parco Nazionale Gran Sasso - Monti della Laga Map
IT7110202 Italy Gran Sasso Map
IT7120201 Italy Monti della Laga e Lago di Campotosto Map
IT7140121 Italy Abetina di Castiglione Messer Marino Map
IT7140212 Italy Abetina di Rosello e Cascate del Rio Verde Map
IT7212135 Italy Montagnola Molisana Map
IT7218215 Italy Abeti Soprani - Monte Campo - Monte Castelbarone - Sorgenti del Verde Map
IT7221131 Italy Bosco di Collemeluccio Map
IT7221132 Italy Monte di Mezzo Map
IT7222287 Italy La Gallinola - Monte Miletto - Monti del Matese Map
IT8040010 Italy Monte Cervialto e Montagnone di Nusco Map
IT8040011 Italy Monte Terminio Map
IT8040021 Italy Picentini Map
IT8050024 Italy Monte Cervati, Centaurino e Montagne di Laurino Map
IT8050028 Italy Monte Motola Map
IT8050033 Italy Monti Alburni Map
IT8050046 Italy Monte Cervati e dintorni Map
IT8050052 Italy Monti di Eboli, Monte Polveracchio, Monte Boschetiello e Vallone della Caccia di Senerchia Map
IT8050055 Italy Alburni Map
IT9210005 Italy Abetina di Laurenzana Map
IT9210010 Italy Abetina di Ruoti Map
IT9210070 Italy Bosco Vaccarizzo Map
IT9210075 Italy Lago Duglia, Casino Toscano e Piana di S.Francesco Map
IT9210120 Italy La Falconara Map
IT9210125 Italy Timpa dell'Orso-Serra del Prete Map
IT9210130 Italy Bosco di Chiaromonte-Piano Iannace Map
IT9210135 Italy Piano delle Mandre Map
IT9210145 Italy Madonna del Pollino Località Vacuarro Map
IT9210146 Italy Pozze di Serra Scorzillo Map
IT9210175 Italy Valle Nera-Serra di Lagoforano Map
IT9210190 Italy Monte Paratiello Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9210245 Italy Serra di Crispo, Grande Porta del Pollino e Pietra Castello Map
IT9210250 Italy Timpa delle Murge Map
IT9210270 Italy Appennino Lucano, Monte Volturino Map
IT9210271 Italy Appennino Lucano, Valle Agri, Monte Sirino, Monte Raparo Map
IT9210275 Italy Massiccio del Monte Pollino e Monte Alpi Map
IT9310001 Italy Timpone della Capanna Map
IT9310002 Italy Serra del Prete Map
IT9310003 Italy Pollinello-Dolcedorme Map
IT9310004 Italy Rupi del Monte Pollino Map
IT9310005 Italy Cima del Monte Pollino Map
IT9310006 Italy Cima del Monte Dolcedorme Map
IT9310013 Italy Serra delle Ciavole-Serra di Crispo Map
IT9310014 Italy Fagosa-Timpa dell'Orso Map
IT9310015 Italy Il Lago (nella Fagosa) Map
IT9310021 Italy Cozzo del Pellegrino Map
IT9310028 Italy Valle del Fiume Abatemarco Map
IT9310029 Italy La Montea Map
IT9310030 Italy Monte La Caccia Map
IT9310032 Italy Serrapodolo Map
IT9310063 Italy Foresta di Cinquemiglia Map
IT9310069 Italy Parco Nazionale della Calabria Map
IT9310071 Italy Vallone Freddo Map
IT9310073 Italy Macchia Sacra Map
IT9310074 Italy Timpone della Carcara Map
IT9310075 Italy Monte Curcio Map
IT9310077 Italy Acqua di Faggio Map
IT9310079 Italy Cozzo del Principe Map
IT9310081 Italy Arnocampo Map
IT9310083 Italy Pineta del Cupone Map
IT9310084 Italy Pianori di Macchialonga Map
IT9310085 Italy Serra Stella Map
IT9310301 Italy Sila Grande Map
IT9310303 Italy Pollino e Orsomarso Map
IT9320115 Italy Monte Femminamorta Map
IT9320129 Italy Fiume Tacina Map
IT9320302 Italy Marchesato e Fiume Neto Map
IT9330114 Italy Monte Gariglione Map
IT9330117 Italy Pinete del Roncino Map
IT9330125 Italy Torrente Soleo Map
IT9330128 Italy Colle del Telegrafo Map
IT9350121 Italy Bosco di Stilo - Bosco Archiforo Map
IT9350133 Italy Monte Basilicò -Torrente Listi Map
IT9350154 Italy Torrente Menta Map
IT9350155 Italy Montalto Map
IT9350157 Italy Torrente Ferraina Map
IT9350180 Italy Contrada Scala Map
ITA020004 Italy Monte S. Salvatore, Monte Catarineci, Vallone Mandarini, ambienti umidi Map
ITA020016 Italy Monte Quacella, Monte dei Cervi, Pizzo Carbonara, Monte Ferro, Pizzo Otiero Map
ITA020050 Italy Parco delle Madonie Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100