Macaronesian laurel forests (Laurus, Ocotea)
Humid to hyper-humid, mist-bound, luxuriant, evergreen, lauriphyllous forests of the cloud belt of the Macaronesian islands, extremely rich in floral and faunal species, among which many are restricted to these communities (Pruno-Lauretalia). Genera such as Picconia, Semele, Gesnouinia, Lactucosonchus, Ixanthus are entirely endemic to these communities, while others, such as Isoplexis, Visnea and Phyllis, reach in them their maximum development; in addition, each of the formations of the various archipelagos harbours distinctive endemic species.
This habitat type includes:
Lauriphyllous forests of the Azores (subtype 45.61 Ericetalia azorica p.), where the humid forests of the coastal areas (Myrico-Pittosporietum undulati p.) have been totally or almost totally degraded, largely invaded by the introduced Australian Pittosporum undulatum; a better representation survives of the hyper-humid forests (Culcito-Juniperion brevifoliae p.) of higher elevations.
Lauriphyllous forests of Madeira (subtype 45.62 Pruno-Lauretalia azorica) still occupying a relatively large surface, of the order of 10,000 ha.
Lauriphyllous forests of the Canary Islands (subtype 45.63 Ixantho-Laurion azoricae); the laurel forests of each island harbour a distinctive set of endemic plants and animals, as exemplified by the species of the composite genus Pericallis, the well-marked races of the chaffinch Fringilla coelebs or the carabid fauna.
|EU Habitats Directive||Annex I habitat type (code 9360)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Macaronesian - Unfavourable-Inadequate|
|Natura 2000 sites||79 are designated for this habitat type|
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Species mentioned in habitat description
Natura 2000 sites
Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites
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Mentioned in the following international legal instruments and agreements
Relation to habitat classifications
|Classification||Code||Habitat type name||Relationship type|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G2.31||Azorean laurisilvas||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G2.33||Canary Island laurisilvas||wider|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G2.3||Macaronesian Laurus woodland||same|
|EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711||G2.32||Madeiran laurisilvas||wider|