Palm groves of Phoenix

Description (English)

Woods, often riparian, formed by the two endemic palm trees, Phoenix theophrasti and Phoenix canariensis.
The palm groves of Crete are restricted to damp sandy coastal valleys; they include the extensive forest of Vai, where the luxuriant palm growth is accompanied by a thick shrubby undergrowth rich of Nerium oleander, and about four other smaller coastal groves, notably on the south coast of the prefectorate of Rethimnon.
The Canarian palm groves are mostly characteristic of the bottom of barrancos and of alluvial soils, below 600 metres; particularly representative examples are found at Fragata, Maspalomas and Barranco de Tirajana in the Gran Canary, Valle Gran Rey in La Gomera, Masca in Ténériffe and Brena Alta in La Palma

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9370)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Macaronesian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Favourable
Habitat type Priority
Natura 2000 sites 67 are designated for this habitat type

Distribution

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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Nerium oleander
Flowering Plants Phoenix canariensis
Flowering Plants Phoenix theophrasti
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Nerium oleander Flowering Plants
Phoenix canariensis Flowering Plants
Phoenix theophrasti Creta Date Palm Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000044 Spain Garajonay Map
ES0000095 Spain Tigaiga Map
ES0000096 Spain Pozo Negro Map
ES0000097 Spain Betancuria Map
ES0000101 Spain Lajares, Esquinzo y costa del Jarubio Map
ES0000106 Spain Teno Map
ES0000109 Spain Anaga Map
ES0000110 Spain Ayagaures y Pilancones Map
ES0000111 Spain Tamadaba Map
ES0000114 Spain Cumbres y acantilados del norte de La Palma Map
ES0000310 Spain Llanos y cuchillos de Antigua Map
ES0000346 Spain Tamadaba Map
ES6200028 Spain Río Chícamo Map
ES7010006 Spain Los Marteles Map
ES7010007 Spain Las Dunas de Maspalomas Map
ES7010008 Spain Güigüí Map
ES7010010 Spain Pilancones Map
ES7010019 Spain Roque de Nublo Map
ES7010024 Spain Vega de Río Palmas Map
ES7010025 Spain Fataga Map
ES7010033 Spain Jandía Map
ES7010034 Spain Montaña Cardón Map
ES7010039 Spain El Nublo II Map
ES7010041 Spain Barranco de Guayadeque Map
ES7010055 Spain Amurga Map
ES7010062 Spain Betancuria Map
ES7010063 Spain Nublo Map
ES7011003 Spain Pino Santo Map
ES7020010 Spain Las Nieves Map
ES7020014 Spain Risco de la Concepción Map
ES7020021 Spain Barranco de las Angustias Map
ES7020022 Spain Tamanca Map
ES7020024 Spain Juan Mayor Map
ES7020025 Spain Barranco del Agua Map
ES7020028 Spain Benchijigua Map
ES7020029 Spain Puntallana Map
ES7020030 Spain Majona Map
ES7020034 Spain La Fortaleza Map
ES7020035 Spain Barranco del Cabrito Map
ES7020037 Spain Lomo del Carretón Map
ES7020039 Spain Orone Map
ES7020068 Spain La Rambla de Castro Map
ES7020073 Spain Los Acantilados de la Culata Map
ES7020074 Spain Los Campeches, Tigaiga y Ruiz Map
ES7020076 Spain Riscos de Bajamar Map
ES7020081 Spain Interián Map
ES7020082 Spain Barranco de Ruiz Map
ES7020093 Spain Monteverde de Barranco Seco-Barranco del Agua Map
ES7020095 Spain Anaga Map
ES7020096 Spain Teno Map
ES7020097 Spain Teselinde-Cabecera de Vallehermoso Map
ES7020098 Spain Montaña del Cepo Map
ES7020101 Spain Laderas de Enchereda Map
ES7020102 Spain Barranco de Charco Hondo Map
ES7020103 Spain Barranco de Argaga Map
ES7020104 Spain Valle Alto de Valle Gran Rey Map
ES7020105 Spain Barranco del Águila Map
ES7020106 Spain Cabecera Barranco de Aguajilva Map
ES7020107 Spain Cuenca de Benchijigua-Guarimiar Map
ES7020108 Spain Taguluche Map
ES7020109 Spain Barrancos del Cedro y Liria Map
GR4310004 Greece DYTIKA ASTEROUSIA (APO AGIOFARANGO EOS KOKKINO PYRGO) Map
GR4310005 Greece ASTEROUSIA (KOFINAS) Map
GR4320006 Greece VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS: DIONYSADES, ELASA KAI CHERSONISOS SIDERO (AKRA MAVRO MOURI – VAI – AKRA PLAKAS) KAI THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR4330003 Greece KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI Map
GR4340012 Greece ASFENDOU - KALLIKRATIS KAI PARAKTIA ZONI Map
GR4340015 Greece PARALIA APO CHRYSOSKALITISSA MECHRI AKROTIRIO KRIOS Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G2.52 Canary Island Phoenix canariensis groves wider
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G2.5 Phoenix groves narrower
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 G2.51 Cretan Phoenix theophrasti groves wider
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