Canary Island endemic pine forests
|EU Habitats Directive||Annex I habitat type (code 9550)|
|EU conservation status by biogeographical region||Macaronesian - Poor|
|Habitat type||Not priority|
|Natura 2000 sites||60 are designated for this habitat type|
Forests of endemic Pinus canariensis, of the dry montane level at around 800 to 2000 metres (locally down to 500 and up to 2500 metres) in Tenerife, La Palma, Gran Canaria and Hierro, with Chamaecytisus proliferus, Adenocarpus foliolosus, Cistus symphytifolius, Lotus campylocladus, Lotus hillebrandii, Lotus spartioides, Daphne gnidium, Juniperus cedrus, Micromeria spp; these forests, of which well-preserved examples have become rare, are the only habitat of Fringilla teydea, Dendrocopos major canariensis and D. m. thanneri.
Pal. 42.91 Canary pine-rockrose forests: Climax Pinus canariensis forests within the main zone of altitudinal occurrence, with an undergrowth characterised and often dominated by Cistus symphytifolius and comprising Chamaecytisus proliferus, Lotus campylocladus, Lotus hillebrandii, Lotus spartioides, Juniperus cedrus, Bystropogon origanifolius, Argyranthemum adauctum.
Pal. 42.92 Canary pine-dry scrub forests: Formations of dry, south-facing slopes in the lower part of the Pinus canariensis belt, transitional towards juniper formations and their degradation scrubs, with an undergrowth often formed by Cistus monspeliensis, Euphorbia obtusifolia ssp.regis-jubae, Salvia canariensis, Micromeria hyssopifolia, Echium aculeatum.
Pal. 42.93 Canary pine-heath forests: Formations of humid, fogbound north- and northwest-facing slopes in the lower reaches of the Pinus canariensis belt, with an abundance of Erica arborea and Myrica faya, and occasionally with Ilex canariensis and Arbutus canariensis; epiphytic lichens are abundant, as are dense carpets of mosses, in particular, Hypnum cupressiforme.
Pal. 42.94 Canary pine-broom woods: Formations of the highest altitudes of the Pinus canariensis belt, invaded by species of the supra-Canarian level, in particular Adenocarpus viscosus.
Pal. 42.95 Canary pine-juniper woods Junipero cedri-Pinetum canariensis: Pinus canariensis and Juniperus cedrus formations of steep, rocky slopes of high altitudes of Tenerife and La Palma.
EU conservation status
Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.
Species mentioned in habitat description
|Species scientific name||English common name||Species group|
|Dendrocopos major canariensis||Great Spotted Woodpecker (Teneriffe subspecies)||Birds|
|Dendrocopos major thanneri||Birds|
|Fringilla teydea||Blue Chaffinch||Birds|
|Arbutus canariensis||Flowering Plants|
|Cistus monspeliensis||Flowering Plants|
|Daphne gnidium||Flowering Plants|
|Erica arborea||Flowering Plants|
|Ilex canariensis||Flowering Plants|
|Myrica faya||Flowering Plants|
|Hypnum cupressiforme||Mosses & Liverworts|