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Canary Island endemic pine forests

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 9550)
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 60 are designated for this habitat type

Description (English)

Forests of endemic Pinus canariensis, of the dry montane level at around 800 to 2000 metres (locally down to 500 and up to 2500 metres) in Tenerife, La Palma, Gran Canaria and Hierro, with Chamaecytisus proliferus, Adenocarpus foliolosus, Cistus symphytifolius, Lotus campylocladus, Lotus hillebrandii, Lotus spartioides, Daphne gnidium, Juniperus cedrus, Micromeria spp; these forests, of which well-preserved examples have become rare, are the only habitat of Fringilla teydea, Dendrocopos major canariensis and D. m. thanneri.
Pal. 42.91 Canary pine-rockrose forests: Climax Pinus canariensis forests within the main zone of altitudinal occurrence, with an undergrowth characterised and often dominated by Cistus symphytifolius and comprising Chamaecytisus proliferus, Lotus campylocladus, Lotus hillebrandii, Lotus spartioides, Juniperus cedrus, Bystropogon origanifolius, Argyranthemum adauctum.
Pal. 42.92 Canary pine-dry scrub forests: Formations of dry, south-facing slopes in the lower part of the Pinus canariensis belt, transitional towards juniper formations and their degradation scrubs, with an undergrowth often formed by Cistus monspeliensis, Euphorbia obtusifolia ssp.regis-jubae, Salvia canariensis, Micromeria hyssopifolia, Echium aculeatum.
Pal. 42.93 Canary pine-heath forests: Formations of humid, fogbound north- and northwest-facing slopes in the lower reaches of the Pinus canariensis belt, with an abundance of Erica arborea and Myrica faya, and occasionally with Ilex canariensis and Arbutus canariensis; epiphytic lichens are abundant, as are dense carpets of mosses, in particular, Hypnum cupressiforme.
Pal. 42.94 Canary pine-broom woods: Formations of the highest altitudes of the Pinus canariensis belt, invaded by species of the supra-Canarian level, in particular Adenocarpus viscosus.
Pal. 42.95 Canary pine-juniper woods Junipero cedri-Pinetum canariensis: Pinus canariensis and Juniperus cedrus formations of steep, rocky slopes of high altitudes of Tenerife and La Palma.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Birds Dendrocopos major canariensis
Birds Dendrocopos major thanneri
Birds Fringilla teydea
Birds Regulus teneriffae
Conifers Juniperus cedrus
Conifers Pinus canariensis
Flowering Plants Arbutus canariensis
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Daphne gnidium
Flowering Plants Erica arborea
Flowering Plants Ilex canariensis
Flowering Plants Myrica faya
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dendrocopos major canariensis Great Spotted Woodpecker (Teneriffe subspecies) Birds
Dendrocopos major thanneri Birds
Fringilla teydea Blue Chaffinch Birds
Regulus teneriffae Birds
Juniperus cedrus Conifers
Pinus canariensis Conifers
Arbutus canariensis Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Daphne gnidium Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants
Ilex canariensis Flowering Plants
Myrica faya Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000041 Spain Ojeda, Inagua y Pajonales Map
ES0000043 Spain Caldera de Taburiente Map
ES0000044 Spain Garajonay Map
ES0000095 Spain Tigaiga Map
ES0000103 Spain El Hierro Map
ES0000106 Spain Teno Map
ES0000107 Spain Montes y cumbre de Tenerife Map
ES0000110 Spain Ayagaures y Pilancones Map
ES0000111 Spain Tamadaba Map
ES0000113 Spain Macizo de Tauro Map
ES0000114 Spain Cumbres y acantilados del norte de La Palma Map
ES0000346 Spain Tamadaba Map
ES7010006 Spain Los Marteles Map
ES7010008 Spain Güigüí Map
ES7010010 Spain Pilancones Map
ES7010018 Spain Riscos de Tirajana Map
ES7010019 Spain Roque de Nublo Map
ES7010025 Spain Fataga Map
ES7010038 Spain Barranco de La Virgen Map
ES7010039 Spain El Nublo II Map
ES7010040 Spain Hoya del Gamonal Map
ES7010055 Spain Amurga Map
ES7011004 Spain Macizo de Tauro II Map
ES7020004 Spain Risco de Las Playas Map
ES7020008 Spain Pinar de Garafía Map
ES7020010 Spain Las Nieves Map
ES7020011 Spain Cumbre Vieja Map
ES7020020 Spain Tablado Map
ES7020021 Spain Barranco de las Angustias Map
ES7020022 Spain Tamanca Map
ES7020025 Spain Barranco del Agua Map
ES7020028 Spain Benchijigua Map
ES7020035 Spain Barranco del Cabrito Map
ES7020039 Spain Orone Map
ES7020043 Spain Parque Nacional del Teide Map
ES7020047 Spain Pinoleris Map
ES7020051 Spain Barranco del Infierno Map
ES7020052 Spain Chinyero Map
ES7020053 Spain Las Palomas Map
ES7020054 Spain Corona Forestal Map
ES7020055 Spain Barranco de Fasnia y Güímar Map
ES7020065 Spain Montaña de Tejina Map
ES7020069 Spain Las Lagunetas Map
ES7020070 Spain Barranco de Erques Map
ES7020074 Spain Los Campeches, Tigaiga y Ruiz Map
ES7020075 Spain La Resbala Map
ES7020084 Spain Barlovento, Garafía, El Paso y Tijarafe Map
ES7020085 Spain El Paso y Santa Cruz de La Palma Map
ES7020086 Spain Santa Cruz de La Palma Map
ES7020091 Spain Monteverde de Gallegos-Franceses Map
ES7020092 Spain Monteverde de Lomo Grande Map
ES7020093 Spain Monteverde de Barranco Seco-Barranco del Agua Map
ES7020094 Spain Monteverde de Breña Alta Map
ES7020095 Spain Anaga Map
ES7020096 Spain Teno Map
ES7020099 Spain Frontera Map
ES7020100 Spain Cueva del Viento Map
ES7020104 Spain Valle Alto de Valle Gran Rey Map
ES7020107 Spain Cuenca de Benchijigua-Guarimiar Map
ES7020115 Spain Laderas de Chío Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available

Other resources

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100