Sarmatic steppe pine forest

Description (English)

Xerophilous Scots pine woods of the Sarmatic region of western Eurasia and of areas with an extremely continental micro climate in northeastern Central and Eastern Europe. Towards its western limit this habitat is restricted to well drained habitats such as inland dunes and cliffs. There are many relict species of continental origin. Syntaxa included are the Anemono-Picetum sylvestris, Peucedano-Pinetum, Koelerio glaucae-Pinetum sylvestris, Caragano-Pinetum, Pyrolo-Pinetum sylvestris (p.) & Corynephoro-Pinetum sylvestris.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 91U0)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Continental - Bad
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 48 are designated for this habitat type


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Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Good: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Poor: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status
Full table details

Species mentioned in habitat description

Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Chimaphila umbellata
Flowering Plants Coronilla vaginalis
Flowering Plants Globularia punctata
Flowering Plants Ophrys insectifera
Flowering Plants Pyrola minor
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Chimaphila umbellata Flowering Plants
Coronilla vaginalis Flowering Plants
Globularia punctata Flowering Plants
Ophrys insectifera Flowering Plants
Pyrola minor Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CZ0210111 Czech Republic Paterovské stráně Map
CZ0210726 Czech Republic Vápnomilný bor u Líského Map
CZ0310067 Czech Republic Ryšovy Map
CZ0314044 Czech Republic Opolenec Map
CZ0314124 Czech Republic Blanský les Map
CZ0320023 Czech Republic Čepičná Map
CZ0420008 Czech Republic Na Černčí Map
CZ0624095 Czech Republic Údolí Dyje Map
DE2031301 Germany Küste Klützer Winkel und Ufer von Dassower See und Trave Map
DE2045302 Germany Peenetal mit Zuflüssen, Kleingewässerlandschaft am Kummerower See Map
DE2251301 Germany Altwarper Binnendünen, Neuwarper See und Riether Werder Map
DE2543301 Germany Seen, Moore und Wälder des Müritz-Gebietes Map
DE2551302 Germany Randowhänge beim Burgwall Löcknitz Map
DE2748301 Germany Charlottenhöhe Map
DE2750306 Germany Randowtal bei Grünz und Schwarze Berge Map
DE2752303 Germany Silberberge Map
DE2752304 Germany Stettiner Berge Map
DE2851302 Germany Trockenrasen Jamikow Map
DE2851303 Germany Welsetalhänge bei Kunow Map
DE3249302 Germany Oderbruchrand Bad Freienwalde Map
DE3350302 Germany Batzlower Mühlenfließ - Büchnitztal Map
DE3753301 Germany Ziltendorfer Düne Map
DE3848305 Germany Streganzer Berg Map
DE4050301 Germany Nördliches Spreewaldrandgebiet Map
DE6014302 Germany Kalkflugsandgebiet Mainz-Ingelheim Map
DE6117306 Germany Weißer Berg bei Darmstadt und Pfungstadt Map
DE6117309 Germany Beckertanne von Darmstadt mit angrenzender Fläche Map
DE6217306 Germany Düne 'Neben Schenkenäcker' zwischen Seeheim und Jugenheim Map
DE6233371 Germany Wiesent-Tal mit Seitentälern Map
DE6335306 Germany Dolomitkuppenalb Map
DE6417305 Germany Glockenbuckel von Viernheim und angrenzende Flächen Map
DE6617341 Germany Sandgebiete zwischen Mannheim und Sandhausen Map
DE6636371 Germany Lauterachtal Map
DE7036371 Germany Trockenhänge im unteren Altmühltal mit Laaberleiten und Galgental Map
DE7236301 Germany Naturschutzgebiet 'Binnendünen bei Siegenburg und Offenstetten' Map
DE7819341 Germany Östlicher Großer Heuberg Map
DE7823341 Germany Donau zwischen Munderkingen und Riedlingen Map
DE7919311 Germany Großer Heuberg und Donautal Map
DE7920342 Germany Oberes Donautal zwischen Beuron und Sigmaringen Map
DE8115341 Germany Wutachschlucht Map
DE8117341 Germany Südliche Baaralb Map
DE8118341 Germany Hegaualb Map
DE8216341 Germany Blumberger Pforte und Mittlere Wutach Map
DE8218341 Germany Westlicher Hegau Map
DE8220341 Germany Bodanrück und westl. Bodensee Map
DE8220342 Germany Überlinger See und Bodenseeuferlandschaft Map
DE8316341 Germany Klettgaurücken Map
DE8416341 Germany Hochrhein östl. Waldshut Map

Protected sites

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Relation to habitat classifications

Not available
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100