Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests

English name: Mediterranean riparian elm forests

Description (English)

Elm-dominated woodlands forming, on eutrophic soils, at the outer, drier, edge of the Mediterranean riparian or lacustrine galleries, constituted by Ulmus minor or, in the eastern Mediterranean and on the Maltese Islands, Ulmus canescens. Populus alba and Fraxinus angustifolia often participate in the tree-layer; Arum italicum, Ranunculus ficaria, Acanthus mollis, Brachypodium sylvaticum, Elymus caninus, Rubus ulmifolius are characteristic of the undergrowth. Dense and dark in natural form, these woods have been extremely reduced and degraded by human action. The most characteristic examples to remain are probably those of the Iberian peninsula, although fragments are still recorded in France, Italy, the Maltese Islands, Greece, Asia Minor and North Africa.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G1.32
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (G1.3)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Acanthus mollis
Flowering Plants Arum italicum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Elymus caninus
Flowering Plants Fraxinus angustifolia
Flowering Plants Populus alba
Flowering Plants Ranunculus ficaria
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius
Flowering Plants Ulmus canescens
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Acanthus mollis Flowering Plants
Arum italicum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Elymus caninus Flowering Plants
Fraxinus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Populus alba Flowering Plants
Ranunculus ficaria Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Ulmus canescens Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 44.62 Mediterranean riparian elm forests source
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.1. Broad-leaved forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment 24 Mediterranean and Macaronesian riverine woodlands and gallery forests wider
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.32 Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.32 Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.32 Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.32 Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.32 Mediterranean riparian Ulmus forests same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.52 Mediterranean riparian elm forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 44.62 Mediterranean riparian elm forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 44.62 Mediterranean riparian elm forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 44.62   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 44.62   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 44.62   same
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