EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N18 - Atlantic and Baltic coastal Empetrum heath

Atlantic and Baltic coastal Empetrum heath

Description (English)

Heath on stable, decalcified dune sands along the cooler north Atlantic and Baltic coasts of Europe, dominated by Empetrum nigrum, with or without Calluna vulgaris, or occurring in dune slacks where Erica tetralix may also be abundant or even replace Empetrum with the same suite of associates. Persistent where wind-exposure or light grazing prevent succession to scrub or woodland. Dry Empetrum heaths are probably threatened by increased temperature and less precipitation during spring and summer.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N18
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Hieracium umbellatum
Flowering Plants Carex arenaria
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Salix repens
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Flowering Plants Ammophila arenaria
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Fungi Cladonia fimbriata
Fungi Cladonia portentosa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Hieracium umbellatum Flowering Plants
Carex arenaria Flowering Plants
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Salix repens Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Ammophila arenaria Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia fimbriata Fungi
Cladonia portentosa Fungi
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Carex arenaria
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Flowering Plants Hieracium umbellatum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Flowering Plants Salix repens
Flowering Plants Ammophila arenaria
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos
Ferns Polypodium vulgare
Fungi Cladonia portentosa
Fungi Cladonia arbuscula
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Luzula campestris
Mosses & Liverworts Pseudoscleropodium purum
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Viola canina

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Carex arenaria Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Hieracium umbellatum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Salix repens Flowering Plants
Ammophila arenaria Flowering Plants
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants
Polypodium vulgare Ferns
Cladonia portentosa Fungi
Cladonia arbuscula Fungi
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Luzula campestris Flowering Plants
Pseudoscleropodium purum Mosses & Liverworts
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Viola canina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Empetrum nigrum
Flowering Plants Calluna vulgaris
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Mosses & Liverworts Pleurozium schreberi
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Fungi Cladonia arbuscula

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Empetrum nigrum Flowering Plants
Calluna vulgaris Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Pleurozium schreberi Mosses & Liverworts
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Cladonia arbuscula Fungi

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.51 Empetrum brown dunes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.5 Coastal dune heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.51 Empetrum brown dunes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.5 Coastal dune heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.51 Empetrum brown dunes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.5 Coastal dune heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.5 Coastal dune heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.51 Empetrum nigra brown dunes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.5 Coastal dune heaths same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.51 Empetrum nigra brown dunes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.33 Crowberry brown dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.23 Crowberry brown dunes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.24 Heather brown dunes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.23 Crowberry brown dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.23 Crowberry brown dunes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.24 Heather brown dunes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.23 Crowberry brown dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.24   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.23   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.23   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.23   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.24   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.23   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.23   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.24   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.23   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.24   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.23   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.23   same
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