EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N1D - Atlantic and Baltic broad-leaved coastal dune forest

Atlantic and Baltic broad-leaved coastal dune forest

Description (English)

A forest type with a wide range of variation, comprising a diversity of relatively open to closed forests on Atlantic and Baltic coastal dunes. It develops where more stable coastal sands are invaded by broadleaved trees typical of the local soil and climatic conditions. It includes forests in dry and wet conditions, on calcareous and acidic sands and along the climatic gradient from southern Norway and the Baltics towards central Portugal. Many of these forests are indistinguishable in their floristic composition from inland examples of the same general type.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N1D
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Carex arenaria
Flowering Plants Prunus serotina

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Carex arenaria Flowering Plants
Prunus serotina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Lonicera periclymenum
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Carex arenaria
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Mosses & Liverworts Pseudoscleropodium purum
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Flowering Plants Geranium robertianum
Ferns Dryopteris dilatata
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Mosses & Liverworts Kindbergia praelonga
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Ligustrum vulgare
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Lonicera periclymenum Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Carex arenaria Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Pseudoscleropodium purum Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Geranium robertianum Flowering Plants
Dryopteris dilatata Ferns
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Kindbergia praelonga Mosses & Liverworts
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Ligustrum vulgare Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Betula pubescens
Flowering Plants Populus tremula
Flowering Plants Acer pseudoplatanus
Flowering Plants Betula pendula
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Betula pubescens Flowering Plants
Populus tremula Flowering Plants
Acer pseudoplatanus Flowering Plants
Betula pendula Flowering Plants
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.72 Coastal brown dunes covered with deciduous forest (Fagus, Betula, Quercus) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.72 Coastal brown dunes covered with deciduous forest (Fagus, Betula, Quercus) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.72 Coastal brown dunes covered with deciduous forest (Fagus, Betula, Quercus) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.72 Coastal brown dunes covered with deciduous forest (Fagus, Betula, Quercus) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.39 Wooded coastal dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.29   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.29   same
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