EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N1E - Black Sea broad-leaved coastal dune forest

Black Sea broad-leaved coastal dune forest

Description (English)

Natural or semi-natural tree and tree-shrub communities on coastal dunes along the Black Sea coast. The forests on larger dunes have xerothermic features, the trees being small and strongly branched while on smaller dunes species more typical of alluvial forest are found. Lianas are frequent. Although non-disturbed stands are dominated by native species, invasive aliens such as Amorpha fruticosa, Robinia pseudoacacia and Elaeagnus angustifolia can be frequent.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N1E
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Elaeagnus angustifolia
Flowering Plants Inula caspica
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Gypsophila perfoliata
Flowering Plants Carex extensa
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Anthriscus cerefolium
Flowering Plants Scorzonera parviflora
Flowering Plants Lotus ucrainicus
Flowering Plants Juncus soranthus
Flowering Plants Asparagus brachyphyllus
Flowering Plants Cynoglossum officinale
Flowering Plants Althaea armeniaca
Flowering Plants Senecio leucanthemifolius
Flowering Plants Potentilla chrysantha
Flowering Plants Astragalus asper
Flowering Plants Salvia sclarea
Flowering Plants Lycium barbarum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Elaeagnus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Inula caspica Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Gypsophila perfoliata Flowering Plants
Carex extensa Flowering Plants
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Anthriscus cerefolium Flowering Plants
Scorzonera parviflora Flowering Plants
Lotus ucrainicus Flowering Plants
Juncus soranthus Flowering Plants
Asparagus brachyphyllus Flowering Plants
Cynoglossum officinale Flowering Plants
Althaea armeniaca Flowering Plants
Senecio leucanthemifolius Flowering Plants
Potentilla chrysantha Flowering Plants
Astragalus asper Flowering Plants
Salvia sclarea Flowering Plants
Lycium barbarum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Elaeagnus angustifolia
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Elytrigia repens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos
Flowering Plants Senecio leucanthemifolius
Flowering Plants Gypsophila perfoliata
Flowering Plants Carex extensa
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Scorzonera parviflora
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Juncus maritimus
Flowering Plants Inula caspica
Flowering Plants Chenopodium album
Flowering Plants Cynoglossum officinale
Flowering Plants Cynanchum acutum
Flowering Plants Cichorium intybus
Flowering Plants Calystegia sepium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Elaeagnus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Elytrigia repens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants
Senecio leucanthemifolius Flowering Plants
Gypsophila perfoliata Flowering Plants
Carex extensa Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Scorzonera parviflora Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Juncus maritimus Flowering Plants
Inula caspica Flowering Plants
Chenopodium album Flowering Plants
Cynoglossum officinale Flowering Plants
Cynanchum acutum Flowering Plants
Cichorium intybus Flowering Plants
Calystegia sepium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Elaeagnus angustifolia
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Elytrigia repens
Flowering Plants Ulmus minor
Flowering Plants Fraxinus ornus
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Elaeagnus angustifolia Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Elytrigia repens Flowering Plants
Ulmus minor Flowering Plants
Fraxinus ornus Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) B1.7 Coastal dune woods narrower
European Red List of Habitats B1.7b Black Sea broad-leaved coastal dune woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.39 Wooded coastal dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.29   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.29   same
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