EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N1G - Mediterranean coniferous coastal dune forest

Mediterranean coniferous coastal dune forest

Description (English)

Forests on coastal dunes in the Mediterranean Basin are dominated by different species of pine. Many stands are of planted origin. A variety of other woody species occur including shrubs such as junipers. Where shrubs exceed the cover of pine, the habitat should be considered N19 Mediterranean and Black Sea coastal dune scrub.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N1G
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus pinea
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Bupleurum odontites
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Ononis ornithopodioides
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Clematis viticella
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Alkanna tinctoria

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus pinea Conifers
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Bupleurum odontites Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Ononis ornithopodioides Flowering Plants
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Clematis viticella Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Alkanna tinctoria Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Conifers Pinus pinea
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Flowering Plants Rhamnus alaternus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Ruscus aculeatus
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Myrtus communis
Flowering Plants Lagurus ovatus
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Prasium majus
Flowering Plants Lonicera implexa

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Pinus pinea Conifers
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Rhamnus alaternus Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Ruscus aculeatus Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Myrtus communis Flowering Plants
Lagurus ovatus Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Prasium majus Flowering Plants
Lonicera implexa Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus pinea
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Cistus monspeliensis

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus pinea Conifers
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Cistus monspeliensis Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.7 Coastal dune woods same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.39 Wooded coastal dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.29 Wooded dunes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.29   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.29   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.29   same
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