EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N2 - Coastal shingle > N21 - Atlantic, Baltic and Arctic coastal shingle beach

Atlantic, Baltic and Arctic coastal shingle beach

Description (English)

These deposits of shingle are most typical of highly dynamic beaches along the Atlantic, Arctic and Baltic coasts, with concentrations along the English Channel. Often mobile and largely bare, they provide an inhospitable environment colonised only in more stable situations, with some deposition of finer material and drift detritus, by a distinctive suite of salt-tolerant and nitrophilous perennial plants. They also provide a habitat suitable for some nesting waders and seabirds and a variety of distinctive invertebrates. Locally, in southern England and the Baltic, larger apposition beaches are more extensively colonised by vegetation.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N21
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
Flowering Plants Lathyrus japonicus
Flowering Plants Atriplex praecox
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Tripleurospermum maritimum
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Atriplex glabriuscula
Flowering Plants Polygonum raii
Flowering Plants Rumex crispus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima Flowering Plants
Lathyrus japonicus Flowering Plants
Atriplex praecox Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Tripleurospermum maritimum Flowering Plants
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Atriplex glabriuscula Flowering Plants
Polygonum raii Flowering Plants
Rumex crispus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Tripleurospermum maritimum
Flowering Plants Rumex crispus
Flowering Plants Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Sonchus arvensis
Flowering Plants Elytrigia repens
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Lathyrus japonicus
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Leymus arenarius
Flowering Plants Crambe maritima
Flowering Plants Cirsium arvense
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Tripleurospermum maritimum Flowering Plants
Rumex crispus Flowering Plants
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Sonchus arvensis Flowering Plants
Elytrigia repens Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Lathyrus japonicus Flowering Plants
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Leymus arenarius Flowering Plants
Crambe maritima Flowering Plants
Cirsium arvense Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Tripleurospermum maritimum
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Lathyrus japonicus
Flowering Plants Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Tripleurospermum maritimum Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Lathyrus japonicus Flowering Plants
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.1 Shingle beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with grassy or heathy vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with grassy or heathy vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.1 Shingle beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B6.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.4 Gravel bank heaths and grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.3 Sea kale communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 17.1 Unvegetated shingle beaches same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.4 Gravel bank heaths and grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.3 Sea kale communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.2 Shingle beach drift lines same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 17.1 Unvegetated shingle beaches same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 17.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 17.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 17.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 17.3   same
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