Mediterranean and Black Sea soft sea cliff

Description (English)

Coastal soft cliffs around the Mediterranean and Black Seas that consist of readily-eroded clays, shales and sands. Usually, they have gently sloping and often unstable surfaces with a mixture of open soil, pioneer vegetation, scrub and flushes influenced by percolating waters. This habitat is poorly known, and there is little information on its ecological and floristic features.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N35
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Glycyrrhiza glabra
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Cynanchum acutum
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Galium humifusum
Flowering Plants Lactuca tatarica
Flowering Plants Argusia sibirica

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Glycyrrhiza glabra Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Cynanchum acutum Flowering Plants
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Galium humifusum Flowering Plants
Lactuca tatarica Flowering Plants
Argusia sibirica Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Glycyrrhiza glabra
Flowering Plants Cynanchum acutum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum
Flowering Plants Limonium meyeri
Flowering Plants Elytrigia repens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis epigejos
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Lactuca tatarica
Flowering Plants Galium humifusum
Flowering Plants Convolvulus arvensis
Flowering Plants Bromus squarrosus
Flowering Plants Senecio leucanthemifolius
Flowering Plants Cichorium intybus
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Medicago falcata
Flowering Plants Leymus racemosus
Flowering Plants Cynodon dactylon

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Glycyrrhiza glabra Flowering Plants
Cynanchum acutum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants
Limonium meyeri Flowering Plants
Elytrigia repens Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis epigejos Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Lactuca tatarica Flowering Plants
Galium humifusum Flowering Plants
Convolvulus arvensis Flowering Plants
Bromus squarrosus Flowering Plants
Senecio leucanthemifolius Flowering Plants
Cichorium intybus Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Medicago falcata Flowering Plants
Leymus racemosus Flowering Plants
Cynodon dactylon Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Glycyrrhiza glabra
Flowering Plants Elytrigia elongata
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Senecio leucanthemifolius
Flowering Plants Artemisia santonicum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Glycyrrhiza glabra Flowering Plants
Elytrigia elongata Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Senecio leucanthemifolius Flowering Plants
Artemisia santonicum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated narrower
European Red List of Habitats B3.4b Mediterranean and Black Sea soft sea cliff same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B3.5 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B7.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 18.4 Deposit sea-cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 18.4 Deposit sea-cliffs same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 18.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 18.4   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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