EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R14 - Perennial rocky grassland of the Italian Peninsula

Perennial rocky grassland of the Italian Peninsula

Description (English)

Unique to base-rich bedrocks in the Italian Peninsula and Sicily, best developed within the submediterranean bioclimatic zone, this grassland is variously dominated by perennial grasses and herbs, or mat formers and sub-shrubs on steeper, rockier ground. Generally species-rich, and sometimes with contingents of annuals and, in disturbed places, geophytes, the habitat sometimes hosts endemic plants. Developed through clearance of broadleaved and mixed forest it is maintained by traditional grazing in a distinctive cultural landscape.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R14
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Phleum ambiguum
Flowering Plants Erysimum pseudorhaeticum
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea
Flowering Plants Festuca inops
Flowering Plants Koeleria lobata
Flowering Plants Crepis lacera
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Eryngium amethystinum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Potentilla rigoana
Flowering Plants Festuca robustifolia
Flowering Plants Centaurea ambigua
Flowering Plants Armeria canescens
Flowering Plants Galium lucidum
Flowering Plants Globularia meridionalis
Flowering Plants Sedum rupestre
Flowering Plants Brachypodium genuense
Flowering Plants Petrorhagia saxifraga
Flowering Plants Knautia purpurea
Flowering Plants Asperula purpurea

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Phleum ambiguum Flowering Plants
Erysimum pseudorhaeticum Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants
Festuca inops Flowering Plants
Koeleria lobata Flowering Plants
Crepis lacera Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Eryngium amethystinum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Potentilla rigoana Flowering Plants
Festuca robustifolia Flowering Plants
Centaurea ambigua Flowering Plants
Armeria canescens Flowering Plants
Galium lucidum Flowering Plants
Globularia meridionalis Flowering Plants
Sedum rupestre Flowering Plants
Brachypodium genuense Flowering Plants
Petrorhagia saxifraga Flowering Plants
Knautia purpurea Flowering Plants
Asperula purpurea Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Thymus longicaulis
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea
Flowering Plants Phleum ambiguum
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Koeleria lobata
Flowering Plants Galium lucidum
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Eryngium amethystinum
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Sedum rupestre
Flowering Plants Petrorhagia saxifraga
Flowering Plants Dianthus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Clinopodium alpinum
Flowering Plants Helichrysum italicum
Flowering Plants Cerastium arvense
Flowering Plants Erysimum pseudorhaeticum
Flowering Plants Allium sphaerocephalon
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Thymus longicaulis Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants
Phleum ambiguum Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Koeleria lobata Flowering Plants
Galium lucidum Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Eryngium amethystinum Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Sedum rupestre Flowering Plants
Petrorhagia saxifraga Flowering Plants
Dianthus sylvestris Flowering Plants
Clinopodium alpinum Flowering Plants
Helichrysum italicum Flowering Plants
Cerastium arvense Flowering Plants
Erysimum pseudorhaeticum Flowering Plants
Allium sphaerocephalon Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Festuca circummediterranea
Flowering Plants Brachypodium genuense

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Festuca circummediterranea Flowering Plants
Brachypodium genuense Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.1 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.3 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.1   same
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