EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R16 - Perennial rocky grassland of Central and South-Eastern Europe

Perennial rocky grassland of Central and South-Eastern Europe

Description (English)

Open grassland generally dominated by perennial grasses with rich mixtures of associated rosette herbs, mat-formers and geophytes, and especially towards Southern Europe, annuals. It occurs on shallow, impoverished soils over both calcareous and siliceous bedrocks, through the lowlands and submontane zone of Central and Southern Europe, best developed on steeper ground unsuited for agriculture, but extended where forest clearance and grazing, particularly by goats, have been part of traditional farming.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R16
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festuca pallens
Flowering Plants Potentilla incana
Flowering Plants Seseli osseum
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Jovibarba globifera
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Asperula cynanchica
Flowering Plants Anthericum ramosum
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Allium senescens

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca pallens Flowering Plants
Potentilla incana Flowering Plants
Seseli osseum Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Jovibarba globifera Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Asperula cynanchica Flowering Plants
Anthericum ramosum Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Allium senescens Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Asperula cynanchica
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Stachys recta
Flowering Plants Festuca pallens
Flowering Plants Vincetoxicum hirundinaria
Flowering Plants Sedum album
Flowering Plants Melica ciliata
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Flowering Plants Potentilla incana
Flowering Plants Centaurea stoebe
Flowering Plants Anthericum ramosum
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Asperula cynanchica Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Stachys recta Flowering Plants
Festuca pallens Flowering Plants
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria Flowering Plants
Sedum album Flowering Plants
Melica ciliata Flowering Plants
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Potentilla incana Flowering Plants
Centaurea stoebe Flowering Plants
Anthericum ramosum Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Festuca pallens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Festuca pallens Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.1 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.3 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.1   same
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