EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R18 - Perennial rocky calcareous grassland of subatlantic-submediterranean Europe

Perennial rocky calcareous grassland of subatlantic-submediterranean Europe

Description (English)

Open grassland dominated by perennials and especially rich in mat-formers, typical of rudimentary, shallow, nutrient-poor, base-rich soils over sloping, rubbly limestone terrain. It occurs in the lowland to submontane belts in subatlantic and submediterranean Western Europe, including some areas at higher altitudes in the Western Mediterranean mountains, which were traditionally maintained by extensive grazing.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R18
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Coronilla minima
Flowering Plants Seseli montanum
Flowering Plants Potentilla tabernaemontani
Flowering Plants Fumana procumbens
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Globularia bisnagarica
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis comosa
Flowering Plants Ononis striata
Flowering Plants Inula montana
Flowering Plants Aphyllanthes monspeliensis
Flowering Plants Linum suffruticosum
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Asperula cynanchica
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Onobrychis supina

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Coronilla minima Flowering Plants
Seseli montanum Flowering Plants
Potentilla tabernaemontani Flowering Plants
Fumana procumbens Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Globularia bisnagarica Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis comosa Flowering Plants
Ononis striata Flowering Plants
Inula montana Flowering Plants
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Linum suffruticosum Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Asperula cynanchica Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Onobrychis supina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Coronilla minima
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Asperula cynanchica
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis comosa
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Seseli montanum
Flowering Plants Potentilla tabernaemontani
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Fumana procumbens
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Thymus serpyllum
Flowering Plants Aphyllanthes monspeliensis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Coronilla minima Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Asperula cynanchica Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis comosa Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Seseli montanum Flowering Plants
Potentilla tabernaemontani Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Fumana procumbens Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Thymus serpyllum Flowering Plants
Aphyllanthes monspeliensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Carex humilis

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.1 Open thermophile pioneer vegetation of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.1 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.3 Open thermophile grasslands of sandy or detritic ground same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.1 Middle European pioneer swards same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.1   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.1   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.1   same
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