EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1A - Semi-dry perennial calcareous grassland (meadow steppe)

Semi-dry perennial calcareous grassland (meadow steppe)

Description (English)

Semi-natural grassland on deeper and not so drought-prone, nutrient-poor, base-rich soils over limestone throughout the lowlands and submontane belts of submediterranean to hemiboreal Europe. Generally closed and dominated by mixtures of graminoids and forbs, often extremely species-rich, with many rare plants and sometimes striking contingents of orchids and varying much across the large range with different sets of continental or submediterranean companions. Dependent on extensive grazing, usually with sheep, or on an annual mowing, and often developed over centuries of traditional pastoralism, contributing to some striking cultural landscapes.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1A
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Plantago media
Flowering Plants Trifolium montanum
Flowering Plants Linum catharticum
Flowering Plants Pimpinella saxifraga
Flowering Plants Salvia pratensis
Flowering Plants Centaurea scabiosa
Flowering Plants Cirsium acaulon
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Briza media

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Plantago media Flowering Plants
Trifolium montanum Flowering Plants
Linum catharticum Flowering Plants
Pimpinella saxifraga Flowering Plants
Salvia pratensis Flowering Plants
Centaurea scabiosa Flowering Plants
Cirsium acaulon Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba minor
Flowering Plants Galium verum
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Plantago media
Flowering Plants Pimpinella saxifraga
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta
Flowering Plants Linum catharticum
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Helianthemum nummularium
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Hypericum perforatum
Flowering Plants Thymus pulegioides

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba minor Flowering Plants
Galium verum Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Plantago media Flowering Plants
Pimpinella saxifraga Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants
Linum catharticum Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Helianthemum nummularium Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Hypericum perforatum Flowering Plants
Thymus pulegioides Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Bromopsis erecta

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Bromopsis erecta Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.11 Perennial calcareous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E3.6 Steppe meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 38.6 Steppe meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.9 Continental steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.A Sand steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.3 Dense perennial grasslands and middle European steppes narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 38.6 Steppe meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.3   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 38.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 38.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.3   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.3   narrower
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