Mediterranean tall perennial dry grassland

Description (English)

Grassland on base-rich soils over various types of calcareous bedrock through the Mediterranean region, where grazing and trampling sustain open or closed swards, generally dominated by tall, dense tussock grasses that lend a steppe-like character. Summer drought and disturbance by grazing and burning help prevent reversion to a forest but can encourage the invasion of aliens.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1E
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Macrochloa tenacissima
Flowering Plants Helictotrichon filifolium
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Teucrium pseudochamaepitys
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Macrochloa tenacissima Flowering Plants
Helictotrichon filifolium Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Teucrium pseudochamaepitys Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Reichardia picroides
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Sedum sediforme
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Daucus carota
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Carlina corymbosa
Flowering Plants Hyparrhenia hirta
Flowering Plants Bituminaria bituminosa
Flowering Plants Macrochloa tenacissima
Flowering Plants Linum strictum
Flowering Plants Asphodelus ramosus
Flowering Plants Pallenis spinosa
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Teucrium polium
Flowering Plants Foeniculum vulgare
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Reichardia picroides Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Sedum sediforme Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Daucus carota Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Carlina corymbosa Flowering Plants
Hyparrhenia hirta Flowering Plants
Bituminaria bituminosa Flowering Plants
Macrochloa tenacissima Flowering Plants
Linum strictum Flowering Plants
Asphodelus ramosus Flowering Plants
Pallenis spinosa Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Teucrium polium Flowering Plants
Foeniculum vulgare Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Macrochloa tenacissima
Flowering Plants Hyparrhenia hirta
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Macrochloa tenacissima Flowering Plants
Hyparrhenia hirta Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and Artemisia steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and Artemisia steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and Artemisia steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and Artemisia steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and Artemisia steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.15 Mediterranean tall-grass and wormwood steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.13 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.6 Mediterranean tall-grass and wormwood steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.6 Mediterranean tall-grass and wormwood steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.5   same
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