Mediterranean annual-rich dry grassland

Description (English)

Usually ephemeral vegetation related to the yearly cycle of spring rains and summer drought through the Mediterranean where a high diversity of small annual plants make a brief colourful appearance on bare patches of mainly base-rich soils. The species composition varies greatly, according to the particular regional terrain and climate and the impact of traditional pastoralism.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1F
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Euphorbia exigua
Flowering Plants Trachynia distachya
Flowering Plants Minuartia hybrida
Flowering Plants Asterolinon linum-stellatum
Flowering Plants Catapodium rigidum
Flowering Plants Filago pyramidata
Flowering Plants Asteriscus aquaticus
Flowering Plants Neatostema apulum
Flowering Plants Hippocrepis ciliata
Flowering Plants Campanula erinus
Flowering Plants Hornungia petraea
Flowering Plants Linum strictum
Flowering Plants Cleonia lusitanica
Flowering Plants Bombycilaena erecta
Flowering Plants Galium parisiense
Flowering Plants Medicago minima
Flowering Plants Polygala monspeliaca
Flowering Plants Trifolium scabrum
Flowering Plants Helianthemum salicifolium
Flowering Plants Clypeola jonthlaspi

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Euphorbia exigua Flowering Plants
Trachynia distachya Flowering Plants
Minuartia hybrida Flowering Plants
Asterolinon linum-stellatum Flowering Plants
Catapodium rigidum Flowering Plants
Filago pyramidata Flowering Plants
Asteriscus aquaticus Flowering Plants
Neatostema apulum Flowering Plants
Hippocrepis ciliata Flowering Plants
Campanula erinus Flowering Plants
Hornungia petraea Flowering Plants
Linum strictum Flowering Plants
Cleonia lusitanica Flowering Plants
Bombycilaena erecta Flowering Plants
Galium parisiense Flowering Plants
Medicago minima Flowering Plants
Polygala monspeliaca Flowering Plants
Trifolium scabrum Flowering Plants
Helianthemum salicifolium Flowering Plants
Clypeola jonthlaspi Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Trachynia distachya
Flowering Plants Catapodium rigidum
Flowering Plants Asterolinon linum-stellatum
Flowering Plants Linum strictum
Flowering Plants Euphorbia exigua
Flowering Plants Medicago minima
Flowering Plants Trifolium scabrum
Flowering Plants Filago pyramidata
Flowering Plants Sherardia arvensis
Flowering Plants Minuartia hybrida
Flowering Plants Erodium cicutarium
Flowering Plants Trifolium campestre
Flowering Plants Hornungia petraea
Flowering Plants Helianthemum salicifolium
Flowering Plants Bombycilaena erecta
Flowering Plants Arenaria leptoclados
Flowering Plants Leontodon saxatilis
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris achyrophorus
Flowering Plants Galium parisiense
Flowering Plants Anagallis arvensis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trachynia distachya Flowering Plants
Catapodium rigidum Flowering Plants
Asterolinon linum-stellatum Flowering Plants
Linum strictum Flowering Plants
Euphorbia exigua Flowering Plants
Medicago minima Flowering Plants
Trifolium scabrum Flowering Plants
Filago pyramidata Flowering Plants
Sherardia arvensis Flowering Plants
Minuartia hybrida Flowering Plants
Erodium cicutarium Flowering Plants
Trifolium campestre Flowering Plants
Hornungia petraea Flowering Plants
Helianthemum salicifolium Flowering Plants
Bombycilaena erecta Flowering Plants
Arenaria leptoclados Flowering Plants
Leontodon saxatilis Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris achyrophorus Flowering Plants
Galium parisiense Flowering Plants
Anagallis arvensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Trachynia distachya

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Trachynia distachya Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.3c Mediterranean annual-rich dry grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.13 Mediterranean xeric grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.5 Mediterranean xeric grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.5   same
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100