EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1H - Iberian oromediterranean basiphilous dry grassland

Iberian oromediterranean basiphilous dry grassland

Description (English)

Grassland of base-rich soils over calcareous bedrocks on the slopes and crests of high mountains in the Iberian Peninsula and France, with a short growing season and harsh winters when strong winds blow the ground free of snow and leave the surface subject to deep cold which encourages the development of freeze-thaw features. The vegetation cover, moderately open to closed, is dominated by prostrate or dwarf grasses and forbs and includes many endemics.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1H
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Festuca hystrix
Flowering Plants Poa ligulata
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Helianthemum canum
Flowering Plants Arenaria grandiflora
Flowering Plants Oreochloa confusa
Flowering Plants Arenaria aggregata
Flowering Plants Saxifraga conifera
Flowering Plants Dianthus pungens
Flowering Plants Seseli montanum
Flowering Plants Thymus mastigophorus
Flowering Plants Jurinea humilis
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Potentilla pusilla
Flowering Plants Festuca burnatii
Flowering Plants Coronilla minima

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca hystrix Flowering Plants
Poa ligulata Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Helianthemum canum Flowering Plants
Arenaria grandiflora Flowering Plants
Oreochloa confusa Flowering Plants
Arenaria aggregata Flowering Plants
Saxifraga conifera Flowering Plants
Dianthus pungens Flowering Plants
Seseli montanum Flowering Plants
Thymus mastigophorus Flowering Plants
Jurinea humilis Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Potentilla pusilla Flowering Plants
Festuca burnatii Flowering Plants
Coronilla minima Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca hystrix
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana
Flowering Plants Helianthemum canum
Flowering Plants Anthyllis vulneraria
Flowering Plants Seseli montanum
Flowering Plants Poa ligulata
Flowering Plants Coronilla minima
Flowering Plants Helianthemum apenninum
Flowering Plants Arenaria grandiflora
Flowering Plants Thymus praecox
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Potentilla pusilla
Flowering Plants Sedum album
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Jurinea humilis
Flowering Plants Arenaria aggregata
Flowering Plants Eryngium campestre
Flowering Plants Dianthus pungens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca hystrix Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants
Helianthemum canum Flowering Plants
Anthyllis vulneraria Flowering Plants
Seseli montanum Flowering Plants
Poa ligulata Flowering Plants
Coronilla minima Flowering Plants
Helianthemum apenninum Flowering Plants
Arenaria grandiflora Flowering Plants
Thymus praecox Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Potentilla pusilla Flowering Plants
Sedum album Flowering Plants
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Jurinea humilis Flowering Plants
Arenaria aggregata Flowering Plants
Eryngium campestre Flowering Plants
Dianthus pungens Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca hystrix
Flowering Plants Koeleria vallesiana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca hystrix Flowering Plants
Koeleria vallesiana Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E1.5b Iberian oromediterranean basiphilous dry grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.5 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.16 Mediterraneo-montane grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 34.7 Mediterraneo-montane grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 34.7   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 34.7   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 34.7   same
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