EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > R - Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens > R1 - Dry grasslands > R1P - Oceanic to subcontinental inland sand grassland on dry acid and neutral soils

Oceanic to subcontinental inland sand grassland on dry acid and neutral soils

Description (English)

Moderately open to closed grassland on nutrient-poor sandy soils, mostly acid to neutral though sometimes calcareous, on plains, river terraces and cliffs through the lowlands and submontane belts of temperate Europe. Narrow-leaved, tussocky graminoids dominate, associated herbs can be numerous and more open swards can have rich annual and cryptogam floras. Across the wide range, there is considerable variety among the dominants and companions, and the extreme topoclimate can provide a western outpost for steppe elements.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R1P
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Mosses & Liverworts Brachythecium albicans
Flowering Plants Trifolium arvense
Flowering Plants Cerastium semidecandrum
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Jasione montana
Flowering Plants Corynephorus canescens
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum piliferum
Mosses & Liverworts Ceratodon purpureus
Flowering Plants Artemisia campestris

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Brachythecium albicans Mosses & Liverworts
Trifolium arvense Flowering Plants
Cerastium semidecandrum Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Jasione montana Flowering Plants
Corynephorus canescens Flowering Plants
Polytrichum piliferum Mosses & Liverworts
Ceratodon purpureus Mosses & Liverworts
Artemisia campestris Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosella
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum
Flowering Plants Agrostis capillaris
Flowering Plants Trifolium arvense
Flowering Plants Hypochaeris radicata
Flowering Plants Jasione montana
Flowering Plants Achillea millefolium
Mosses & Liverworts Ceratodon purpureus
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Artemisia campestris
Flowering Plants Corynephorus canescens
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichum piliferum
Flowering Plants Sedum acre
Flowering Plants Cerastium semidecandrum
Flowering Plants Potentilla argentea
Flowering Plants Arenaria serpyllifolia
Flowering Plants Hypericum perforatum
Flowering Plants Thymus serpyllum
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rumex acetosella Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants
Agrostis capillaris Flowering Plants
Trifolium arvense Flowering Plants
Hypochaeris radicata Flowering Plants
Jasione montana Flowering Plants
Achillea millefolium Flowering Plants
Ceratodon purpureus Mosses & Liverworts
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Artemisia campestris Flowering Plants
Corynephorus canescens Flowering Plants
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Polytrichum piliferum Mosses & Liverworts
Sedum acre Flowering Plants
Cerastium semidecandrum Flowering Plants
Potentilla argentea Flowering Plants
Arenaria serpyllifolia Flowering Plants
Hypericum perforatum Flowering Plants
Thymus serpyllum Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Festuca ovina
Flowering Plants Pilosella officinarum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Festuca ovina Flowering Plants
Pilosella officinarum Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E1.9 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland, including inland dune grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E1.9 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E1.22 Dry, open perennial and annual siliceous grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 35.2 Medio-European open siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 35.2 Medio-European open siliceous grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 35.2   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 35.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 35.2   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 35.2   same
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