Mediterranean tall humid inland grassland

Description (English)

Rush- and tall grass-dominated vegetation of seasonally waterlogged soils, mostly acidic and slightly saline, occurring in depressions throughout the Mediterranean Basin. Though not dependent on grazing, it can be a valuable source of fodder for cattle and sheep in traditional pastoral systems during summer when other pastures are dried up.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R31
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Cirsium monspessulanum
Flowering Plants Scirpoides holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Lysimachia ephemerum
Flowering Plants Sonchus maritimus
Flowering Plants Lotus maritimus
Flowering Plants Hypericum caprifolium
Flowering Plants Senecio doria
Flowering Plants Mentha suaveolens
Flowering Plants Pulicaria dysenterica
Flowering Plants Juncus inflexus
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza elata
Flowering Plants Peucedanum hispanicum
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Thalictrum speciosissimum
Flowering Plants Oenanthe lachenalii

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cirsium monspessulanum Flowering Plants
Scirpoides holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Lysimachia ephemerum Flowering Plants
Sonchus maritimus Flowering Plants
Lotus maritimus Flowering Plants
Hypericum caprifolium Flowering Plants
Senecio doria Flowering Plants
Mentha suaveolens Flowering Plants
Pulicaria dysenterica Flowering Plants
Juncus inflexus Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza elata Flowering Plants
Peucedanum hispanicum Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Thalictrum speciosissimum Flowering Plants
Oenanthe lachenalii Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Scirpoides holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Dittrichia viscosa
Flowering Plants Cirsium monspessulanum
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Sonchus maritimus
Flowering Plants Potentilla reptans
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Brachypodium phoenicoides
Flowering Plants Juncus inflexus
Flowering Plants Mentha suaveolens
Flowering Plants Pulicaria dysenterica
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Mentha longifolia
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Lythrum salicaria
Flowering Plants Trifolium pratense

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Scirpoides holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Dittrichia viscosa Flowering Plants
Cirsium monspessulanum Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Sonchus maritimus Flowering Plants
Potentilla reptans Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Brachypodium phoenicoides Flowering Plants
Juncus inflexus Flowering Plants
Mentha suaveolens Flowering Plants
Pulicaria dysenterica Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Mentha longifolia Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Lythrum salicaria Flowering Plants
Trifolium pratense Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Scirpoides holoschoenus
Flowering Plants Schoenus nigricans
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Scirpoides holoschoenus Flowering Plants
Schoenus nigricans Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland narrower
European Red List of Habitats E3.1a Mediterranean tall humid inland grassland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.4 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.4 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.4   same
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