Submediterranean moist meadow

Description (English)

Moist meadows of sandy to clayey, mesotrophic to eutrophic soils on riverside terraces and gentle slopes, mainly in the lowland to submontane belts of South-Eastern Europe, extending westwards to central Italy. Winter and spring flooding is common, but later in the season the ground may dry up and become locally saline. The species composition reflects regional differences in temperature and rainfall, but patterns of mowing and grazing can also affect the species composition.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R34
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Alopecurus rendlei
Flowering Plants Trifolium patens
Flowering Plants Moenchia mantica
Flowering Plants Bromus racemosus
Flowering Plants Trifolium pallidum
Flowering Plants Trifolium resupinatum
Flowering Plants Crepis setosa
Flowering Plants Bromus commutatus
Flowering Plants Oenanthe silaifolia
Flowering Plants Hordeum secalinum
Flowering Plants Trifolium michelianum
Flowering Plants Ranunculus velutinus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus sardous
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Scilla litardierei
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Trifolium fragiferum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alopecurus rendlei Flowering Plants
Trifolium patens Flowering Plants
Moenchia mantica Flowering Plants
Bromus racemosus Flowering Plants
Trifolium pallidum Flowering Plants
Trifolium resupinatum Flowering Plants
Crepis setosa Flowering Plants
Bromus commutatus Flowering Plants
Oenanthe silaifolia Flowering Plants
Hordeum secalinum Flowering Plants
Trifolium michelianum Flowering Plants
Ranunculus velutinus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus sardous Flowering Plants
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Scilla litardierei Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Trifolium fragiferum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Trifolium pratense
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Trifolium repens
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Trifolium resupinatum
Flowering Plants Alopecurus rendlei
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Moenchia mantica
Flowering Plants Crepis setosa
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Trifolium patens
Flowering Plants Cynosurus cristatus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Potentilla reptans
Flowering Plants Poa pratensis
Flowering Plants Bromus racemosus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Trifolium pratense Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Trifolium repens Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Trifolium resupinatum Flowering Plants
Alopecurus rendlei Flowering Plants
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Moenchia mantica Flowering Plants
Crepis setosa Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Trifolium patens Flowering Plants
Cynosurus cristatus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Potentilla reptans Flowering Plants
Poa pratensis Flowering Plants
Bromus racemosus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Alopecurus rendlei
Flowering Plants Trifolium patens
Flowering Plants Trifolium resupinatum
Flowering Plants Bromus racemosus
Flowering Plants Trifolium pallidum
Flowering Plants Lolium perenne
Flowering Plants Hordeum secalinum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Alopecurus rendlei Flowering Plants
Trifolium patens Flowering Plants
Trifolium resupinatum Flowering Plants
Bromus racemosus Flowering Plants
Trifolium pallidum Flowering Plants
Lolium perenne Flowering Plants
Hordeum secalinum Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
European Red List of Habitats E3.3 Submediterranean moist meadow same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.3 Sub-Mediterranean humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.6 Sub-Mediterranean humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.6 Sub-Mediterranean humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.6   same
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