Moist or wet mesotrophic to eutrophic hay meadow

Description (English)

Meadows of moist, sometimes seasonally flooded, nutrient-rich soils on floodplains and in brook-valleys throughout the lowland to submontane belts of Europe. Traditionally cut for hay, though sometimes also lightly grazed in late summer and autumn, the vegetation is often species-rich with a diverse associated invertebrate fauna attracted by the abundance of flowers. Often once part of wider agricultural landscapes with associated pastures, good examples of the habitat now often survive more fragmentarily, and transitions to improved silage grassland on flood-protected land are widespread.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R35
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Scirpus sylvaticus
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Juncus effusus
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Cardamine pratensis
Flowering Plants Myosotis scorpioides
Flowering Plants Galium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Lotus pedunculatus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre
Flowering Plants Lathyrus pratensis
Ferns Equisetum palustre
Flowering Plants Cirsium rivulare

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Scirpus sylvaticus Flowering Plants
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Juncus effusus Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Cardamine pratensis Flowering Plants
Myosotis scorpioides Flowering Plants
Galium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Lotus pedunculatus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Lathyrus pratensis Flowering Plants
Equisetum palustre Ferns
Cirsium rivulare Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Juncus effusus
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Ranunculus repens
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Myosotis scorpioides
Flowering Plants Galium palustre
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosa
Ferns Equisetum palustre
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre
Flowering Plants Poa trivialis
Flowering Plants Cardamine pratensis
Flowering Plants Scirpus sylvaticus
Flowering Plants Lotus pedunculatus
Flowering Plants Lathyrus pratensis
Flowering Plants Agrostis stolonifera
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus effusus Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Ranunculus repens Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Myosotis scorpioides Flowering Plants
Galium palustre Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosa Flowering Plants
Equisetum palustre Ferns
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Poa trivialis Flowering Plants
Cardamine pratensis Flowering Plants
Scirpus sylvaticus Flowering Plants
Lotus pedunculatus Flowering Plants
Lathyrus pratensis Flowering Plants
Agrostis stolonifera Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Juncus effusus
Flowering Plants Scirpus sylvaticus
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Juncus effusus Flowering Plants
Scirpus sylvaticus Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.4 Moist or wet lowland eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.4 Moist or wet lowland eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.2 Eutrophic humid grasslands narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.2 Eutrophic humid grasslands narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.2   narrower
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.1   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.2   narrower
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.1   narrower
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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