Temperate and boreal moist or wet oligotrophic grassland

Description (English)

Meadows and pastures of less nutrient-rich soils, wet for much of the year, though not inundated by flood-waters and drying out in summer, especially in more continental regions. The soils may be somewhat acidic to base-rich, sometimes peaty above, and through the lowland to submontane belts of Europe, they have been part of wider landscapes among fens and drier grasslands. Less productive than flood meadows, they are mown just once a year, and towards the west of the range, often just lightly grazed, but they can be species-rich with some characteristic and striking species.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R37
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Succisa pratensis
Flowering Plants Carex panicea
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Juncus acutiflorus
Flowering Plants Selinum carvifolia
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba officinalis
Flowering Plants Scorzonera humilis
Flowering Plants Cirsium dissectum
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Galium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Juncus conglomeratus
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Succisa pratensis Flowering Plants
Carex panicea Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Juncus acutiflorus Flowering Plants
Selinum carvifolia Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba officinalis Flowering Plants
Scorzonera humilis Flowering Plants
Cirsium dissectum Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Galium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Juncus conglomeratus Flowering Plants
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Potentilla erecta
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Carex panicea
Flowering Plants Succisa pratensis
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Festuca rubra
Flowering Plants Briza media
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre
Flowering Plants Luzula campestris
Flowering Plants Carex flacca
Flowering Plants Carex nigra
Flowering Plants Lotus pedunculatus
Flowering Plants Galium uliginosum
Flowering Plants Juncus acutiflorus
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Sanguisorba officinalis
Flowering Plants Plantago lanceolata
Flowering Plants Agrostis canina

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Potentilla erecta Flowering Plants
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Carex panicea Flowering Plants
Succisa pratensis Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Festuca rubra Flowering Plants
Briza media Flowering Plants
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Luzula campestris Flowering Plants
Carex flacca Flowering Plants
Carex nigra Flowering Plants
Lotus pedunculatus Flowering Plants
Galium uliginosum Flowering Plants
Juncus acutiflorus Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Sanguisorba officinalis Flowering Plants
Plantago lanceolata Flowering Plants
Agrostis canina Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Molinia caerulea
Flowering Plants Juncus acutiflorus
Flowering Plants Carex panicea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Molinia caerulea Flowering Plants
Juncus acutiflorus Flowering Plants
Carex panicea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.5 Moist or wet acid or oligotrophic grassland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.3 Oligotrophic humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.3 Oligotrophic humid grasslands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.3   same
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