Montane to subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern fringe

Description (English)

Tall forb and fern vegetation of moist, fertile soils in relatively cool and humid conditions through high levels of the mountain ranges of Europe, having its optimum in the subalpine zone but also occurring in the Arctic lowlands of Scandinavia. Typically found as strips along streams and on the edges of forests, in the shelter of large rocks, on mountain ledges and under scrub, sometimes also fringing snowbeds where it benefits from protection from winter frosts. The vegetation is often very rich in species and hosts many local and regional endemics, as well as widespread montane plants. Vulnerable to grazing by wild herbivores and stock, but often protected by its remoteness.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R56
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Rumex alpinus
Flowering Plants Rumex arifolius
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae
Flowering Plants Carduus personata
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Peucedanum ostruthium
Flowering Plants Doronicum austriacum
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Aconitum napellus
Flowering Plants Epilobium alpestre
Flowering Plants Veratrum album
Ferns Athyrium distentifolium
Flowering Plants Ranunculus platanifolius
Flowering Plants Saxifraga rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Ranunculus aconitifolius
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rumex alpinus Flowering Plants
Rumex arifolius Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants
Carduus personata Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Peucedanum ostruthium Flowering Plants
Doronicum austriacum Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Aconitum napellus Flowering Plants
Epilobium alpestre Flowering Plants
Veratrum album Flowering Plants
Athyrium distentifolium Ferns
Ranunculus platanifolius Flowering Plants
Saxifraga rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Ranunculus aconitifolius Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Rumex arifolius
Flowering Plants Geranium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae
Flowering Plants Stellaria nemorum
Flowering Plants Rumex alpinus
Flowering Plants Chaerophyllum hirsutum
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Viola biflora
Flowering Plants Veratrum album
Flowering Plants Senecio nemorensis
Flowering Plants Rubus idaeus
Flowering Plants Saxifraga rotundifolia
Flowering Plants Peucedanum ostruthium
Flowering Plants Silene dioica
Flowering Plants Heracleum sphondylium
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Aconitum napellus
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Hypericum maculatum

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rumex arifolius Flowering Plants
Geranium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants
Stellaria nemorum Flowering Plants
Rumex alpinus Flowering Plants
Chaerophyllum hirsutum Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Viola biflora Flowering Plants
Veratrum album Flowering Plants
Senecio nemorensis Flowering Plants
Rubus idaeus Flowering Plants
Saxifraga rotundifolia Flowering Plants
Peucedanum ostruthium Flowering Plants
Silene dioica Flowering Plants
Heracleum sphondylium Flowering Plants
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Aconitum napellus Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Hypericum maculatum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Rumex alpinus
Flowering Plants Adenostyles alliariae

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Rumex alpinus Flowering Plants
Adenostyles alliariae Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E4.5 Alpine and subalpine tall herb and Pteridium aquilinum stands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E4.5 Subalpine and alpine tall-herb stands same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.8 Subalpine and alpine tall herb communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.8 Subalpine and alpine tall herb communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.8   same
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