Mediterranean inland salt steppe

Description (English)

Halophyte vegetation of inland situations in the Mediterranean region where the soils of flats or gentle hollows are permeated by waters laden with soluble salts from underlying substrates, and are then subject to extreme summer drought, with a surface efflorescence of crystalline deposits. The vegetation can be rich in endemics, but the particular species composition depends on the regional climate and local soil conditions, and there is often a distinctive seasonal pattern of growth and zonation around the hollows. In some regions, the vegetation has provided valuable grazing for sheep and goats in summer drought.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code R61
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Suaeda vera
Flowering Plants Limonium delicatulum
Flowering Plants Sphenopus divaricatus
Flowering Plants Limonium caesium
Flowering Plants Limonium dichotomum
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Frankenia pulverulenta
Flowering Plants Sonchus crassifolius
Flowering Plants Limonium costae
Flowering Plants Lepidium cardamines
Flowering Plants Limonium supinum
Flowering Plants Hornungia procumbens
Flowering Plants Limonium latebracteatum
Flowering Plants Frankenia corymbosa
Flowering Plants Hordeum marinum
Flowering Plants Artemisia barrelieri

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Suaeda vera Flowering Plants
Limonium delicatulum Flowering Plants
Sphenopus divaricatus Flowering Plants
Limonium caesium Flowering Plants
Limonium dichotomum Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Frankenia pulverulenta Flowering Plants
Sonchus crassifolius Flowering Plants
Limonium costae Flowering Plants
Lepidium cardamines Flowering Plants
Limonium supinum Flowering Plants
Hornungia procumbens Flowering Plants
Limonium latebracteatum Flowering Plants
Frankenia corymbosa Flowering Plants
Hordeum marinum Flowering Plants
Artemisia barrelieri Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Suaeda vera
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Plantago maritima
Flowering Plants Plantago coronopus
Flowering Plants Limonium delicatulum
Flowering Plants Limonium caesium
Flowering Plants Sphenopus divaricatus
Flowering Plants Phragmites australis
Flowering Plants Hordeum marinum
Flowering Plants Hornungia procumbens
Flowering Plants Frankenia pulverulenta
Flowering Plants Limonium dichotomum
Flowering Plants Artemisia herba-alba

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Suaeda vera Flowering Plants
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Plantago maritima Flowering Plants
Plantago coronopus Flowering Plants
Limonium delicatulum Flowering Plants
Limonium caesium Flowering Plants
Sphenopus divaricatus Flowering Plants
Phragmites australis Flowering Plants
Hordeum marinum Flowering Plants
Hornungia procumbens Flowering Plants
Frankenia pulverulenta Flowering Plants
Limonium dichotomum Flowering Plants
Artemisia herba-alba Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Lygeum spartum
Flowering Plants Limonium caesium
Flowering Plants Limonium delicatulum
Flowering Plants Frankenia pulverulenta

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Lygeum spartum Flowering Plants
Limonium caesium Flowering Plants
Limonium delicatulum Flowering Plants
Frankenia pulverulenta Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppes same
European Red List of Habitats E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppe same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppes same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grass and herb-dominated habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E6.1 Mediterranean inland saline grasslands same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B4.2 Inland salt meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15.8 Mediterranean salt steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15.8 Mediterranean salt steppes same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.18   same
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