EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Deciduous broadleaved forest > T13 - Temperate hardwood riparian forest

Temperate hardwood riparian forest

Description (English)

Mixed broadleaved forests typical of less-frequently flooded, well-aerated mineral soils on floodplains of the middle and lower reaches of major European rivers. The canopy in high-forest stands can be very tall and multi-layered and is typically dominated by various mixtures of Alnus glutinosa, Fraxinus angustifolia, Fraxinus excelsior, Populus alba, Populus canescens, Prunus padus, Quercus robur, Ulmus glabra, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor. There is typically an abundant and varied understorey, again often structurally complex, with a range of small trees, shrubs and lianas that are more typical of mesic deciduous forests (such as T1E Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T13
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Circaea lutetiana
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Glechoma hederacea
Flowering Plants Prunus padus
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Humulus lupulus
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Circaea lutetiana Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Glechoma hederacea Flowering Plants
Prunus padus Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Humulus lupulus Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Galium aparine
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Flowering Plants Sambucus nigra
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Glechoma hederacea
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Filipendula ulmaria
Flowering Plants Euonymus europaeus
Flowering Plants Circaea lutetiana
Flowering Plants Iris pseudacorus

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Galium aparine Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Sambucus nigra Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Glechoma hederacea Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Filipendula ulmaria Flowering Plants
Euonymus europaeus Flowering Plants
Circaea lutetiana Flowering Plants
Iris pseudacorus Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Alnus glutinosa
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Urtica dioica
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Rubus caesius
Flowering Plants Ficaria verna

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alnus glutinosa Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Urtica dioica Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Rubus caesius Flowering Plants
Ficaria verna Flowering Plants

Other classifications

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.2 Mixed riparian floodplain and gallery woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus - Alnus and Quercus - Ulmus - Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.2 Fluvial Fraxinus-Alnus and Quercus-Ulmus-Fraxinus woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G1.4 Fluvial ash-alder and oak-elm-ash woodland same
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