Fagus forest on acid soils

Description (English)

Forest dominated by beech (Fagus sylvatica and Fagus orientalis) on oligotrophic, base-poor mineral soils. It occurs through the Atlantic and continental areas of Europe and, at higher altitudes, in the submediterranean zone. Associated broadleaved trees are few and always subordinate in cover, though oaks may be co-dominant. Evergreen conifers like fir (Abies alba) and, at the altitudinal limit, spruce (Picea abies) can figure as minority canopy components. The field layer is generally species-poor.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T18
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranella heteromalla
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Dicranella heteromalla Mosses & Liverworts
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Mosses & Liverworts Polytrichastrum formosum
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Luzula luzuloides
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Carex pilulifera
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Mosses & Liverworts Hypnum cupressiforme
Ferns Athyrium filix-femina
Flowering Plants Maianthemum bifolium

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Polytrichastrum formosum Mosses & Liverworts
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Luzula luzuloides Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Abies alba Conifers
Carex pilulifera Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Hypnum cupressiforme Mosses & Liverworts
Athyrium filix-femina Ferns
Maianthemum bifolium Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G1.6 Fagus woodland narrower
European Red List of Habitats G1.6b Fagus woodland on acid soils same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

European Environment Agency (EEA)
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