EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T1 - Deciduous broadleaved forest > T1E - Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest

Carpinus and Quercus mesic deciduous forest

Description (English)

Deciduous broadleaved forests typical of brown or grey soils of quite low to high base-status and moderate to high nutrient content. They occur across the lowlands and foothills of the temperate zone of Western, Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, with local extensions into regions characterised by submediterranean and boreal climate. Partially this includes alluvial Quercus/Carpinus-dominated forests in mountain valleys with infrequent inundation. The canopy is usually of mixed composition with oaks figuring prominently, notably Quercus petraea and Quercus robur but with regional contributions from other oaks, along with Acer campestre, Acer platanoides, Carpinus betulus, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata, Tilia tomentosa and Ulmus glabra. Non-riparian and non-ravine forests of Acer platanoides, Fraxinus excelsior, Tilia cordata and Ulmus glabra (without Quercus species and Carpinus betulus) also belong to this habitat. The canopy can have a complex, multi-layered structure including shrubs and lianas while the herb layer can be species-rich with much regional variation in composition.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T1E
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Acer campestre
Flowering Plants Polygonatum multiflorum
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Prunus avium
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Rosa arvensis
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Crataegus laevigata
Flowering Plants Carex sylvatica
Flowering Plants Carex pilosa

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Acer campestre Flowering Plants
Polygonatum multiflorum Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Prunus avium Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Rosa arvensis Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Crataegus laevigata Flowering Plants
Carex sylvatica Flowering Plants
Carex pilosa Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Acer campestre
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Prunus avium
Flowering Plants Geum urbanum
Flowering Plants Stellaria holostea
Flowering Plants Lamium galeobdolon
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Polygonatum multiflorum
Flowering Plants Ligustrum vulgare
Flowering Plants Cornus sanguinea

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Acer campestre Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Prunus avium Flowering Plants
Geum urbanum Flowering Plants
Stellaria holostea Flowering Plants
Lamium galeobdolon Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Polygonatum multiflorum Flowering Plants
Ligustrum vulgare Flowering Plants
Cornus sanguinea Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Carpinus betulus
Flowering Plants Quercus robur
Flowering Plants Quercus petraea
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Fraxinus excelsior
Flowering Plants Corylus avellana
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Tilia cordata
Flowering Plants Anemone nemorosa
Flowering Plants Castanea sativa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carpinus betulus Flowering Plants
Quercus robur Flowering Plants
Quercus petraea Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Fraxinus excelsior Flowering Plants
Corylus avellana Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Tilia cordata Flowering Plants
Anemone nemorosa Flowering Plants
Castanea sativa Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G1.A Meso- and eutrophic Quercus, Carpinus, Fraxinus, Acer, Tilia, Ulmus and related woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G1.A Woodland with Castanea sativa, Carpinus betulus, Tilia or Sorbus aucuparia same
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