EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T33 - Mediterranean mountain Abies forest

Mediterranean mountain Abies forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forests of more sunless or fog-bound slopes and gullies in the lower to mid altitudinal belts of Mediterranean mountains where firs of very limited distribution dominate in highly distinctive relic stands: Spanish fir (Abies pinsapo), Greek fir (Abies cephalonica), King Boris fir (Abies borisii-regis), Apennine or Sicilian stands of silver fir (Abies alba) and Sicilian fir (Abies nebrodensis).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T33
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Abies borisii-regis
Flowering Plants Aremonia agrimonoides
Flowering Plants Galium rotundifolium
Flowering Plants Helleborus odorus
Conifers Abies pinsapo
Conifers Abies cephalonica
Flowering Plants Sanicula europaea
Flowering Plants Geranium versicolor
Flowering Plants Digitalis laevigata
Flowering Plants Cardamine chelidonia
Flowering Plants Lactuca muralis
Flowering Plants Lathyrus laxiflorus
Flowering Plants Ranunculus brutius
Flowering Plants Campanula spatulata
Flowering Plants Doronicum orientale
Flowering Plants Trifolium pignantii
Conifers Juniperus drupacea
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies borisii-regis Conifers
Aremonia agrimonoides Flowering Plants
Galium rotundifolium Flowering Plants
Helleborus odorus Flowering Plants
Abies pinsapo Conifers
Abies cephalonica Conifers
Sanicula europaea Flowering Plants
Geranium versicolor Flowering Plants
Digitalis laevigata Flowering Plants
Cardamine chelidonia Flowering Plants
Lactuca muralis Flowering Plants
Lathyrus laxiflorus Flowering Plants
Ranunculus brutius Flowering Plants
Campanula spatulata Flowering Plants
Doronicum orientale Flowering Plants
Trifolium pignantii Flowering Plants
Juniperus drupacea Conifers
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Aremonia agrimonoides
Conifers Abies borisii-regis
Flowering Plants Lactuca muralis
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Galium rotundifolium
Flowering Plants Rubus fruticosus
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Sanicula europaea
Flowering Plants Viola reichenbachiana
Flowering Plants Veronica chamaedrys
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Daphne laureola
Flowering Plants Poa nemoralis
Flowering Plants Hedera helix
Flowering Plants Melica uniflora
Flowering Plants Helleborus odorus
Flowering Plants Clinopodium vulgare

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Aremonia agrimonoides Flowering Plants
Abies borisii-regis Conifers
Lactuca muralis Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Galium rotundifolium Flowering Plants
Rubus fruticosus Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Sanicula europaea Flowering Plants
Viola reichenbachiana Flowering Plants
Veronica chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Abies alba Conifers
Daphne laureola Flowering Plants
Poa nemoralis Flowering Plants
Hedera helix Flowering Plants
Melica uniflora Flowering Plants
Helleborus odorus Flowering Plants
Clinopodium vulgare Flowering Plants
Conifers Abies borisii-regis
Conifers Abies alba
Flowering Plants Fagus sylvatica
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Conifers Abies cephalonica
Conifers Abies pinsapo

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Abies borisii-regis Conifers
Abies alba Conifers
Fagus sylvatica Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Abies cephalonica Conifers
Abies pinsapo Conifers

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 2007 (revised descriptions 2012) G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland narrower
European Red List of Habitats G3.1c Mediterranean mountain Abies woodland same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.1 Abies and Picea woodland same
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