EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T34 - Temperate subalpine Larix, Pinus cembra and Pinus uncinata forest

Temperate subalpine Larix, Pinus cembra and Pinus uncinata forest

Description (English)

Coniferous, in part deciduous, forest of European larch (Larix decidua) or Arolla pine (Pinus cembra) in the middle subalpine belt of temperate mountains in the central Alps and Carpathians with long but shallow snow-lie and a short growing season. Dwarf mountain pine (Pinus mugo), spruce (Picea abies), silver fir (Abies alba), rhododendrons and other sub-shrubs are never more than subordinate, but various whitebeam (Sorbus) species are characteristic associates.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T34
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Larix decidua
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Conifers Pinus cembra
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Festuca flavescens
Flowering Plants Lonicera caerulea
Flowering Plants Melampyrum sylvaticum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Larix decidua Conifers
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Pinus cembra Conifers
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Festuca flavescens Flowering Plants
Lonicera caerulea Flowering Plants
Melampyrum sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Conifers Larix decidua
Flowering Plants Sorbus aucuparia
Conifers Picea abies
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Flowering Plants Vaccinium vitis-idaea
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Homogyne alpina
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Mosses & Liverworts Dicranum scoparium
Flowering Plants Oxalis acetosella
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Solidago virgaurea
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Mosses & Liverworts Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus
Conifers Pinus cembra

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Larix decidua Conifers
Sorbus aucuparia Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Flowering Plants
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Homogyne alpina Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Dicranum scoparium Mosses & Liverworts
Oxalis acetosella Flowering Plants
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Solidago virgaurea Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus Mosses & Liverworts
Pinus cembra Conifers
Conifers Larix decidua
Conifers Pinus uncinata
Flowering Plants Vaccinium myrtillus
Flowering Plants Rhododendron ferrugineum
Conifers Pinus cembra
Mosses & Liverworts Hylocomium splendens
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis villosa

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Larix decidua Conifers
Pinus uncinata Conifers
Vaccinium myrtillus Flowering Plants
Rhododendron ferrugineum Flowering Plants
Pinus cembra Conifers
Hylocomium splendens Mosses & Liverworts
Calamagrostis villosa Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.2 Alpine Larix - Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.3 Pinus uncinata woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.2 Alpine Larix-Pinus cembra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.3 Alpine larch-arolla woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.4 Mountain pine woodland same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.4 Mountain pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.3 Alpine larch-arolla forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.3 Alpine larch-arolla forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.4 Mountain pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.4   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.3   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.3   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.4   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.3   same
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