EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T36 - Temperate and submediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-Pinus nigra forest

Temperate and submediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-Pinus nigra forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forests, generally dominated by either Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) or black pine (Pinus nigra and, towards the southern limit, various subspecies), less commonly with some Norway spruce (Picea abies) and deciduous associates, often in isolated and small stands on base-rich soils through the mountains of the temperate and submediterranean zones.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T36
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Sorbus aria
Flowering Plants Epipactis atrorubens
Flowering Plants Berberis vulgaris
Flowering Plants Viburnum lantana
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Buphthalmum salicifolium
Flowering Plants Achnatherum calamagrostis
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Lavandula angustifolia
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Anthericum ramosum
Flowering Plants Carex alba
Flowering Plants Cotoneaster tomentosus

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Sorbus aria Flowering Plants
Epipactis atrorubens Flowering Plants
Berberis vulgaris Flowering Plants
Viburnum lantana Flowering Plants
Pinus nigra Conifers
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Buphthalmum salicifolium Flowering Plants
Achnatherum calamagrostis Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Lavandula angustifolia Flowering Plants
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Anthericum ramosum Flowering Plants
Carex alba Flowering Plants
Cotoneaster tomentosus Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Teucrium chamaedrys
Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Sorbus aria
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens
Flowering Plants Viburnum lantana
Flowering Plants Teucrium montanum
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum
Flowering Plants Euphorbia cyparissias
Flowering Plants Polygala chamaebuxus
Flowering Plants Calamagrostis varia
Flowering Plants Lotus corniculatus
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Epipactis atrorubens
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Conifers Picea abies

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Teucrium chamaedrys Flowering Plants
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Sorbus aria Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Pinus nigra Conifers
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Viburnum lantana Flowering Plants
Teucrium montanum Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants
Euphorbia cyparissias Flowering Plants
Polygala chamaebuxus Flowering Plants
Calamagrostis varia Flowering Plants
Lotus corniculatus Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Epipactis atrorubens Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Picea abies Conifers
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Erica carnea
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Sesleria caerulea
Flowering Plants Carex humilis
Flowering Plants Brachypodium pinnatum

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pinus nigra Conifers
Erica carnea Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Sesleria caerulea Flowering Plants
Carex humilis Flowering Plants
Brachypodium pinnatum Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.6 Black pine woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.5 Scots pine woodland south of the taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.5   same
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