EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T37 - Mediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-Pinus nigra forest

Mediterranean montane Pinus sylvestris-Pinus nigra forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forest of more drought-prone situations at scattered localities through the mountains of the Mediterranean, dominated by black pine (Pinus nigra) and, except on Mediterranean islands, sometimes with subordinate Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), both species often occurring as vicariant forms in different localities.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T37
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus nigra
Flowering Plants Viola willkommii
Flowering Plants Ononis aragonensis
Flowering Plants Helleborus lividus
Flowering Plants Galium rotundifolium
Flowering Plants Linaria nivea

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus nigra Conifers
Viola willkommii Flowering Plants
Ononis aragonensis Flowering Plants
Helleborus lividus Flowering Plants
Galium rotundifolium Flowering Plants
Linaria nivea Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus nigra
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. communis
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana
Flowering Plants Cruciata glabra
Flowering Plants Amelanchier ovalis
Flowering Plants Galium rotundifolium
Flowering Plants Crataegus monogyna
Flowering Plants Hieracium murorum
Flowering Plants Hepatica nobilis
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Flowering Plants Fragaria vesca
Flowering Plants Helleborus foetidus
Flowering Plants Veronica officinalis
Flowering Plants Anthoxanthum odoratum
Flowering Plants Ilex aquifolium
Flowering Plants Brachypodium sylvaticum
Flowering Plants Rubus ulmifolius

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus nigra Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Juniperus communis subsp. communis Conifers
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers
Cruciata glabra Flowering Plants
Amelanchier ovalis Flowering Plants
Galium rotundifolium Flowering Plants
Crataegus monogyna Flowering Plants
Hieracium murorum Flowering Plants
Hepatica nobilis Flowering Plants
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Fragaria vesca Flowering Plants
Helleborus foetidus Flowering Plants
Veronica officinalis Flowering Plants
Anthoxanthum odoratum Flowering Plants
Ilex aquifolium Flowering Plants
Brachypodium sylvaticum Flowering Plants
Rubus ulmifolius Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus nigra
Conifers Pinus sylvestris
Flowering Plants Buxus sempervirens
Ferns Pteridium aquilinum
Flowering Plants Avenella flexuosa
Conifers Juniperus communis subsp. nana

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus nigra Conifers
Pinus sylvestris Conifers
Buxus sempervirens Flowering Plants
Pteridium aquilinum Ferns
Avenella flexuosa Flowering Plants
Juniperus communis subsp. nana Conifers

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.5 Pinus nigra woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.6 Black pine woodland same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.5 Scots pine woodland south of the taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.6 Black pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.6   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.6   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.5   same
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