EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > T - Forest and other wooded land > T3 - Coniferous forest > T3A - Mediterranean lowland to submontane Pinus forest

Mediterranean lowland to submontane Pinus forest

Description (English)

Evergreen coniferous forest dominated by various thermophilous pines: maritime pine (Pinus pinaster in the western Mediterranean and winter-mild Atlantic regions), Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis), stone pine (Pinus pinea all around the Southern European coasts, and in some places also inland), and Aegean pine (Pinus brutia in Greece, Cyprus and Anatolia), the first three often favouring unstable substrates or pre-climax situations. All of these forests are fire-prone.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code T3A
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Conifers Pinus brutia
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Conifers Pinus pinaster

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Pinus brutia Conifers
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Flowering Plants Rubia peregrina
Conifers Juniperus oxycedrus
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Quercus coccifera
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Quercus ilex
Flowering Plants Asparagus acutifolius
Flowering Plants Smilax aspera
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Dactylis glomerata
Flowering Plants Phillyrea latifolia
Flowering Plants Phillyrea angustifolia
Conifers Pinus brutia
Flowering Plants Arbutus unedo
Flowering Plants Thymus vulgaris
Flowering Plants Cistus creticus
Flowering Plants Quercus pubescens

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Rubia peregrina Flowering Plants
Juniperus oxycedrus Conifers
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Quercus coccifera Flowering Plants
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Quercus ilex Flowering Plants
Asparagus acutifolius Flowering Plants
Smilax aspera Flowering Plants
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Dactylis glomerata Flowering Plants
Phillyrea latifolia Flowering Plants
Phillyrea angustifolia Flowering Plants
Pinus brutia Conifers
Arbutus unedo Flowering Plants
Thymus vulgaris Flowering Plants
Cistus creticus Flowering Plants
Quercus pubescens Flowering Plants
Conifers Pinus halepensis
Conifers Pinus pinaster
Conifers Pinus brutia
Conifers Pinus pinea
Flowering Plants Brachypodium retusum
Flowering Plants Rosmarinus officinalis
Flowering Plants Pistacia lentiscus
Flowering Plants Erica arborea

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Pinus halepensis Conifers
Pinus pinaster Conifers
Pinus brutia Conifers
Pinus pinea Conifers
Brachypodium retusum Flowering Plants
Rosmarinus officinalis Flowering Plants
Pistacia lentiscus Flowering Plants
Erica arborea Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean Pinus woodland (excluding Pinus nigra) same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.8 Mediterranean pine woods same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.8   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.8   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.8   same
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